Saltar directamente a búsqueda Saltar directamente al índice A-Z Saltar directamente a navegación Saltar directamente a las opciones de páginas Saltar directamente al contenido del sitio

Referencias

  1. Cox NJ, Subbarao K. Influenza. Lancet. 1999 Oct 09;354(9186):1277-82.
  2. Clements ML, Betts RF, Tierney EL, Murphy BR. Serum and nasal wash antibodies associated with resistance to experimental challenge with influenza A wild-type virus. J Clin Microbiol. 1986 Jul;24(1):157-60.
  3. Potter CW, Oxford JS. Determinants of immunity to influenza infection in man. Br Med Bull. 1979 Jan;35(1):69-75.
  4. Couch RB, Kasel JA. Immunity to influenza in man. Annu Rev Microbiol. 1983;37:529-49.
  5. Dawood FS, Jain S, Finelli L, Shaw MW, Lindstrom S, Garten RJ, et al. Emergence of a novel swine-origin influenza A (H1N1) virus in humans. N Engl J Med. 2009 Jun 18;360(25):2605-15.
  6. Garten RJ, Davis CT, Russell CA, Shu B, Lindstrom S, Balish A, et al. Antigenic and genetic characteristics of swine-origin 2009 A(H1N1) influenza viruses circulating in humans. Science. 2009 Jul 10;325(5937):197-201.
  7. Chen R, Holmes EC. The evolutionary dynamics of human influenza B virus. J Mol Evol. 2008 Jun;66(6):655-63.
  8. Rota PA, Wallis TR, Harmon MW, Rota JS, Kendal AP, Nerome K. Cocirculation of two distinct evolutionary lineages of influenza type B virus since 1983. Virology. 1990 Mar;175(1):59-68.
  9. McCullers JA, Saito T, Iverson AR. Multiple genotypes of influenza B virus circulated between 1979 and 2003. J Virol. 2004 Dec;78(23):12817-28.
  10. Ambrose CS, Levin MJ. The rationale for quadrivalent influenza vaccines. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2012 Jan;8(1):81-8.
  11. Cooney MK, Fox JP, Hall CE. The Seattle Virus Watch. VI. Observations of infections with and illness due to parainfluenza, mumps and respiratory syncytial viruses and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. Am J Epidemiol. 1975 Jun;101(6):532-51.
  12. Poehling KA, Edwards KM, Weinberg GA, Szilagyi P, Staat MA, Iwane MK, et al. The underrecognized burden of influenza in young children. N Engl J Med. 2006 Jul 06;355(1):31-40.
  13. CDC FluView-Vigilancia de enfermedades en pacientes ambulatorios Atlanta, GA: Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los EE. UU., CDC; 2017; disponible en: http://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly.
  14. Fowlkes A, Steffens A, Temte J, Di Lonardo S, McHugh L, Martin K, et al. Incidence of medically attended influenza during pandemic and post-pandemic seasons through the Influenza Incidence Surveillance Project, 2009-13. Lancet Respir Med. 2015 Sep;3(9):709-18.
  15. Barker WH. Excess pneumonia and influenza associated hospitalization during influenza epidemics in the United States, 1970-78. Am J Public Health. 1986 Jul;76(7):761-5.
  16. Barker WH, Mullooly JP. Impact of epidemic type A influenza in a defined adult population. Am J Epidemiol. 1980 Dec;112(6):798-811.
  17. Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades. Estimaciones de muertes asociadas a la influenza estacional - Estados Unidos, 1976-2007.  Informe Semanal de Morbilidad y Mortalidad (MMWR), 27 de agosto del 2010;59(33):1057-62.​​​​​​​
  18. Glezen WP, Greenberg SB, Atmar RL, Piedra PA, Couch RB. Impact of respiratory virus infections on persons with chronic underlying conditions. JAMA. 2000 Jan 26;283(4):499-505.
  19. Neuzil KM, Mellen BG, Wright PF, Mitchel EF, Jr., Griffin MR. The effect of influenza on hospitalizations, outpatient visits, and courses of antibiotics in children. N Engl J Med. 2000 Jan 27;342(4):225-31.
  20. O'Brien MA, Uyeki TM, Shay DK, Thompson WW, Kleinman K, McAdam A, et al. Incidence of outpatient visits and hospitalizations related to influenza in infants and young children. Pediatrics. 2004 Mar;113(3 Pt 1):585-93.
  21. Keren R, Zaoutis TE, Bridges CB, Herrera G, Watson BM, Wheeler AB, et al. Neurological and neuromuscular disease as a risk factor for respiratory failure in children hospitalized with influenza infection. JAMA. 2005 Nov 02;294(17):2188-94.
  22. Mullooly JP, Bridges CB, Thompson WW, Chen J, Weintraub E, Jackson LA, et al. Influenza- and RSV-associated hospitalizations among adults. Vaccine. 2007 Jan 15;25(5):846-55.
  23. Wong KK, Jain S, Blanton L, Dhara R, Brammer L, Fry AM, et al. Influenza-associated pediatric deaths in the United States, 2004-2012. Pediatrics. 2013 Nov;132(5):796-804.
  24. Thompson WW, Shay DK, Weintraub E, Brammer L, Cox N, Anderson LJ, et al. Mortality associated with influenza and respiratory syncytial virus in the United States. JAMA. 2003 Jan 08;289(2):179-86.
  25. Thompson WW, Shay DK, Weintraub E, Brammer L, Bridges CB, Cox NJ, et al. Influenza-associated hospitalizations in the United States. JAMA. 2004 Sep 15;292(11):1333-40.
  26. Thompson WW, Weintraub E, Dhankhar P, Cheng PY, Brammer L, Meltzer MI, et al. Estimates of US influenza-associated deaths made using four different methods. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2009 Jan;3(1):37-49.
  27. Reed C, Chaves SS, Daily Kirley P, Emerson R, Aragon D, Hancock EB, et al. Estimating influenza disease burden from population-based surveillance data in the United States. PLoS One. 2015;10(3):e0118369.
  28. CDC. Cálculo aproximado de casos de influenza, consultas al médico, hospitalizaciones y muertes que previno la vacunación en los Estados Unidos. Atlanta, GA: CDC; 2017 [citado el 7 de julio del 2017, 2017]; disponible en: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/about/disease/2015-16.htm.
  29. Poehling KA, Edwards KM, Griffin MR, Szilagyi PG, Staat MA, Iwane MK, et al. The burden of influenza in young children, 2004-2009. Pediatrics. 2013 Feb;131(2):207-16.
  30. Bourgeois FT, Valim C, Wei JC, McAdam AJ, Mandl KD. Influenza and other respiratory virus-related emergency department visits among young children. Pediatrics. 2006 Jul;118(1):e1-8.
  31. Jules A, Grijalva CG, Zhu Y, Talbot HK, Williams JV, Poehling KA, et al. Influenza-related hospitalization and ED visits in children less than 5 years: 2000-2011. Pediatrics. 2015 Jan;135(1):e66-74.
  32. Izurieta HS, Thompson WW, Kramarz P, Shay DK, Davis RL, DeStefano F, et al. Influenza and the rates of hospitalization for respiratory disease among infants and young children. N Engl J Med. 2000 Jan 27;342(4):232-9.
  33. Mullooly JP, Barker WH. Impact of type A influenza on children: a retrospective study. Am J Public Health. 1982 Sep;72(9):1008-16.
  34. Ampofo K, Gesteland PH, Bender J, Mills M, Daly J, Samore M, et al. Epidemiology, complications, and cost of hospitalization in children with laboratory-confirmed influenza infection. Pediatrics. 2006 Dec;118(6):2409-17.
  35. Coffin SE, Zaoutis TE, Rosenquist AB, Heydon K, Herrera G, Bridges CB, et al. Incidence, complications, and risk factors for prolonged stay in children hospitalized with community-acquired influenza. Pediatrics. 2007 Apr;119(4):740-8.
  36. Zhou H, Thompson WW, Viboud CG, Ringholz CM, Cheng PY, Steiner C, et al. Hospitalizations associated with influenza and respiratory syncytial virus in the United States, 1993-2008. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 May;54(10):1427-36.
  37. Schrag SJ, Shay DK, Gershman K, Thomas A, Craig AS, Schaffner W, et al. Multistate surveillance for laboratory-confirmed, influenza-associated hospitalizations in children: 2003-2004. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006 May;25(5):395-400.
  38. Iwane MK, Edwards KM, Szilagyi PG, Walker FJ, Griffin MR, Weinberg GA, et al. Population-based surveillance for hospitalizations associated with respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus, and parainfluenza viruses among young children. Pediatrics. 2004 Jun;113(6):1758-64.
  39. Miller EK, Griffin MR, Edwards KM, Weinberg GA, Szilagyi PG, Staat MA, et al. Influenza burden for children with asthma. Pediatrics. 2008 Jan;121(1):1-8.
  40. Neuzil KM, Wright PF, Mitchel EF, Jr., Griffin MR. The burden of influenza illness in children with asthma and other chronic medical conditions. J Pediatr. 2000 Dec;137(6):856-64.
  41. Finelli L, Fiore A, Dhara R, Brammer L, Shay DK, Kamimoto L, et al. Influenza-associated pediatric mortality in the United States: increase of Staphylococcus aureus coinfection. Pediatrics. 2008 Oct;122(4):805-11.
  42. Bhat N, Wright JG, Broder KR, Murray EL, Greenberg ME, Glover MJ, et al. Influenza-associated deaths among children in the United States, 2003-2004. N Engl J Med. 2005 Dec 15;353(24):2559-67.
  43. CDC. FluView: Mortalidad infantil asociada a la influenza. Atlanta, GA: CDC; 2017 [citado el 21 de abril del 2017; disponible en: https://gis.cdc.gov/GRASP/Fluview/PedFluDeath.html.
  44. D'Mello T, Brammer L, Blanton L, Kniss K, Smith S, Mustaquim D, et al. Update: Influenza activity-United States, September 28, 2014-February 21, 2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Mar 06;64(8):206-12.
  45. Molinari NA, Ortega-Sanchez IR, Messonnier ML, Thompson WW, Wortley PM, Weintraub E, et al. The annual impact of seasonal influenza in the US: measuring disease burden and costs. Vaccine. 2007 Jun 28;25(27):5086-96.
  46. Campbell DS, Rumley MH. Cost-effectiveness of the influenza vaccine in a healthy, working-age population. J Occup Environ Med. 1997 May;39(5):408-14.
  47. Bridges CB, Thompson WW, Meltzer MI, Reeve GR, Talamonti WJ, Cox NJ, et al. Effectiveness and cost-benefit of influenza vaccination of healthy working adults: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2000 Oct 04;284(13):1655-63.
  48. Olsen GW, Burris JM, Burlew MM, Steinberg ME, Patz NV, Stoltzfus JA, et al. Absenteeism among employees who participated in a workplace influenza immunization program. J Occup Environ Med. 1998 Apr;40(4):311-6.
  49. Nichol KL, Mallon KP, Mendelman PM. Cost benefit of influenza vaccination in healthy, working adults: an economic analysis based on the results of a clinical trial of trivalent live attenuated influenza virus vaccine. Vaccine. 2003 May 16;21(17-18):2207-17.
  50. Shrestha SS, Swerdlow DL, Borse RH, Prabhu VS, Finelli L, Atkins CY, et al. Estimating the burden of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in the United States (April 2009-April 2010). Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Jan 01;52 Suppl 1:S75-82.
  51. Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades. Actualización: actividad de la influenza - Estados Unidos, temporada 2009-10. Informe Semanal de Morbilidad y Mortalidad (MMWR), 30 de julio del 2010;59(29):901-8.
  52. Epperson S, Blanton L, Kniss K, Mustaquim D, Steffens C, Wallis T, et al. Influenza activity - United States, 2013-14 season and composition of the 2014-15 influenza vaccines. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014 Jun 06;63(22):483-90.
  53. Ramos JM, Garcia-Navarro MM, Gonzalez de la Aleja MP, Sanchez-Martinez R, Gimeno-Gascon A, Reus S, et al. Seasonal influenza in octogenarians and nonagenarians admitted to a general hospital: epidemiology, clinical presentation and prognostic factors. Rev Esp Quimioter. 2016 Dec;29(6):296-301.
  54. Goodnight WH, Soper DE. Pneumonia in pregnancy. Crit Care Med. 2005 Oct;33(10 Suppl):S390-7.
  55. Sokolow LZ, Naleway AL, Li DK, Shifflett P, Reynolds S, Henninger ML, et al. Severity of influenza and noninfluenza acute respiratory illness among pregnant women, 2010-2012. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Feb;212(2):202 e1-11.
  56. Neuzil KM, Reed GW, Mitchel EF, Simonsen L, Griffin MR. Impact of influenza on acute cardiopulmonary hospitalizations in pregnant women. Am J Epidemiol. 1998 Dec 01;148(11):1094-102.
  57. Kort BA, Cefalo RC, Baker VV. Fatal influenza A pneumonia in pregnancy. Am J Perinatol. 1986 Jul;3(3):179-82.
  58. Dodds L, McNeil SA, Fell DB, Allen VM, Coombs A, Scott J, et al. Impact of influenza exposure on rates of hospital admissions and physician visits because of respiratory illness among pregnant women. CMAJ. 2007 Feb 13;176(4):463-8.
  59. Harris J. Influenza occurring in pregnant women: a statistical study of thirteen hundred and fifty cases. JAMA. 1919;72:978-80.
  60. Louie JK, Acosta M, Jamieson DJ, Honein MA. Severe 2009 H1N1 influenza in pregnant and postpartum women in California. N Engl J Med. 2009 Jan 7;362(1):27-35.
  61. Jamieson DJ, Honein MA, Rasmussen SA, Williams JL, Swerdlow DL, Biggerstaff MS, et al. H1N1 2009 influenza virus infection during pregnancy in the USA. Lancet. 2009 Aug 08;374(9688):451-8.
  62. Freeman DW, Barno A. Deaths from Asian influenza associated with pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1959 Dec;78:1172-5.
  63. Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades. Influenza pandémica A (H1N1) 2009 en mujeres embarazadas que requieren cuidados intensivos - Ciudad de Nueva York, 2009. Informe Semanal de Morbilidad y Mortalidad (MMWR) 26 de marzo del 2010;59(11):321-6.
  64. Creanga AA, Johnson TF, Graitcer SB, Hartman LK, Al-Samarrai T, Schwarz AG, et al. Severity of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in pregnant women. Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Apr;115(4):717-26.
  65. Mosby LG, Rasmussen SA, Jamieson DJ. 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in pregnancy: a systematic review of the literature. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Jul;205(1):10-8.
  66. Siston AM, Rasmussen SA, Honein MA, Fry AM, Seib K, Callaghan WM, et al. Pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) virus illness among pregnant women in the United States. JAMA. 2010 Apr 21;303(15):1517-25.
  67. Kourtis AP, Read JS, Jamieson DJ. Pregnancy and infection. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jun 05;370(23):2211-8.
  68. Cox S, Posner SF, McPheeters M, Jamieson DJ, Kourtis AP, Meikle S. Hospitalizations with respiratory illness among pregnant women during influenza season. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Jun;107(6):1315-22.
  69. Haberg SE, Trogstad L, Gunnes N, Wilcox AJ, Gjessing HK, Samuelsen SO, et al. Risk of fetal death after pandemic influenza virus infection or vaccination. N Engl J Med. 2013 Jan 24;368(4):333-40.
  70. Pierce M, Kurinczuk JJ, Spark P, Brocklehurst P, Knight M, Ukoss. Perinatal outcomes after maternal 2009/H1N1 infection: national cohort study. BMJ. 2011 Jun 14;342:d3214.
  71. Irving WL, James DK, Stephenson T, Laing P, Jameson C, Oxford JS, et al. Influenza virus infection in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy: a clinical and seroepidemiological study. BJOG. 2000 Oct;107(10):1282-9.
  72. Griffiths PD, Ronalds CJ, Heath RB. A prospective study of influenza infections during pregnancy. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1980 Jun;34(2):124-8.
  73. Hartert TV, Neuzil KM, Shintani AK, Mitchel EF, Jr., Snowden MS, Wood LB, et al. Maternal morbidity and perinatal outcomes among pregnant women with respiratory hospitalizations during influenza season. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Dec;189(6):1705-12.
  74. Edwards MJ. Review: Hyperthermia and fever during pregnancy. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2006 Jul;76(7):507-16.
  75. Luteijn JM, Brown MJ, Dolk H. Influenza and congenital anomalies: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hum Reprod. 2014 Apr;29(4):809-23.
  76. Moretti ME, Bar-Oz B, Fried S, Koren G. Maternal hyperthermia and the risk for neural tube defects in offspring: systematic review and meta-analysis. Epidemiology. 2005 Mar;16(2):216-9.
  77. Oster ME, Riehle-Colarusso T, Alverson CJ, Correa A. Associations between maternal fever and influenza and congenital heart defects. J Pediatr. 2011 Jun;158(6):990-5.
  78. Shahrukh Hashmi S, Gallaway MS, Waller DK, Langlois PH, Hecht JT, National Birth Defects Prevention S. Maternal fever during early pregnancy and the risk of oral clefts. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2010 Mar;88(3):186-94.
  79. Botto LD, Erickson JD, Mulinare J, Lynberg MC, Liu Y. Maternal fever, multivitamin use, and selected birth defects: evidence of interaction? Epidemiology. 2002 Jul;13(4):485-8.
  80. Burney LE. Influenza immunization: Statement. Public Health Rep. 1960 Oct;75(10):944.
  81. Garg S, Jain S, Dawood FS, Jhung M, Perez A, D'Mello T, et al. Pneumonia among adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed seasonal influenza virus infection-United States, 2005-2008. BMC Infect Dis. 2015 Aug 26;15:369.
  82. Sheth AN, Althoff KN, Brooks JT. Influenza susceptibility, severity, and shedding in HIV-infected adults: a review of the literature. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Jan 15;52(2):219-27.
  83. Perez CM, Dominguez MI, Ceballos ME, Moreno C, Labarca JA, Rabagliati R, et al. Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in HIV-1-infected patients. AIDS. 2010 Nov 27;24(18):2867-9.
  84. Riera M, Payeras A, Marcos MA, Viasus D, Farinas MC, Segura F, et al. Clinical presentation and prognosis of the 2009 H1N1 influenza A infection in HIV-1-infected patients: a Spanish multicenter study. AIDS. 2010 Oct 23;24(16):2461-7.
  85. Martinez E, Marcos MA, Hoyo-Ulloa I, Anton A, Sanchez M, Vilella A, et al. Influenza A H1N1 in HIV-infected adults. HIV Med. 2011 Apr;12(4):236-45.
  86. Neuzil KM, Reed GW, Mitchel EF, Jr., Griffin MR. Influenza-associated morbidity and mortality in young and middle-aged women. JAMA. 1999 Mar 10;281(10):901-7.
  87. Neuzil KM, Coffey CS, Mitchel EF, Jr., Griffin MR. Cardiopulmonary hospitalizations during influenza season in adults and adolescents with advanced HIV infection. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Nov 01;34(3):304-7.
  88. Cohen C, Moyes J, Tempia S, Groom M, Walaza S, Pretorius M, et al. Severe influenza-associated respiratory infection in high HIV prevalence setting, South Africa, 2009-2011. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 Nov;19(11):1766-74.
  89. Cohen C, Walaza S, Moyes J, Groome M, Tempia S, Pretorius M, et al. Epidemiology of severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) among adults and children aged >/=5 years in a high HIV-prevalence setting, 2009-2012. PLoS One. 2015;10(2):e0117716.
  90. Lin JC, Nichol KL. Excess mortality due to pneumonia or influenza during influenza seasons among persons with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Arch Intern Med. 2001 Feb 12;161(3):441-6.
  91. Jain S, Kamimoto L, Bramley AM, Schmitz AM, Benoit SR, Louie J, et al. Hospitalized patients with 2009 H1N1 influenza in the United States, April-June 2009. N Engl J Med. 2009 Nov 12;361(20):1935-44.
  92. Kumar A, Zarychanski R, Pinto R, Cook DJ, Marshall J, Lacroix J, et al. Critically ill patients with 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection in Canada. JAMA. 2009 Nov 04;302(17):1872-9.
  93. Louie JK, Acosta M, Winter K, Jean C, Gavali S, Schechter R, et al. Factors associated with death or hospitalization due to pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) infection in California. JAMA. 2009 Nov 04;302(17):1896-902.
  94. Morgan OW, Bramley A, Fowlkes A, Freedman DS, Taylor TH, Gargiullo P, et al. Morbid obesity as a risk factor for hospitalization and death due to 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) disease. PLoS One. 2010 Mar 15;5(3):e9694.
  95. Kwong JC, Campitelli MA, Rosella LC. Obesity and respiratory hospitalizations during influenza seasons in Ontario, Canada: a cohort study. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Sep;53(5):413-21.
  96. Coleman LA, Waring SC, Irving SA, Vandermause M, Shay DK, Belongia EA. Evaluation of obesity as an independent risk factor for medically attended laboratory-confirmed influenza. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2013 Mar;7(2):160-7.
  97. Webb SA, Pettila V, Seppelt I, Bellomo R, Bailey M, Cooper DJ, et al. Critical care services and 2009 H1N1 influenza in Australia and New Zealand. N Engl J Med. 2009 Nov 12;361(20):1925-34.
  98. Baker MG, Wilson N, Huang QS, Paine S, Lopez L, Bandaranayake D, et al. Pandemic influenza A(H1N1)v in New Zealand: the experience from April to August 2009. Euro Surveill. 2009 Aug 27;14(34).
  99. La Ruche G, Tarantola A, Barboza P, Vaillant L, Gueguen J, Gastellu-Etchegorry M, et al. The 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza and indigenous populations of the Americas and the Pacific. Euro Surveill. 2009 Oct 22;14(42).
  100. Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades. Muertes relacionadas con la influenza pandémica A 2009 (H1N1) entre nativos de Alaska/tribus indígenas de Estados Unidos - 12 estados, 2009. Informe Semanal de Morbilidad y Mortalidad (MMWR). 11 de diciembre del 2009;58(48):1341-4.
  101. Hutchins SS, Fiscella K, Levine RS, Ompad DC, McDonald M. Protection of racial/ethnic minority populations during an influenza pandemic. Am J Public Health. 2009 Oct;99 Suppl 2:S261-70.
  102. Zarychanski R, Stuart TL, Kumar A, Doucette S, Elliott L, Kettner J, et al. Correlates of severe disease in patients with 2009 pandemic influenza (H1N1) virus infection. CMAJ. 2010 Feb 23;182(3):257-64.
  103. Groom AV, Jim C, Laroque M, Mason C, McLaughlin J, Neel L, et al. Pandemic influenza preparedness and vulnerable populations in tribal communities. Am J Public Health. 2009 Oct;99 Suppl 2:S271-8.
  104. Hennessy TW, Bruden D, Castrodale L, Komatsu K, Erhart LM, Thompson D, et al. A case-control study of risk factors for death from 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1): is American Indian racial status an independent risk factor? Epidemiol Infect. 2016 Jan;144(2):315-24.
  105. Nichol KL. Heterogeneity of influenza case definitions and implications for interpreting and comparing study results. Vaccine. 2006 Nov 10;24(44-46):6726-8.
  106. Jackson LA, Jackson ML, Nelson JC, Neuzil KM, Weiss NS. Evidence of bias in estimates of influenza vaccine effectiveness in seniors. Int J Epidemiol. 2006 Apr;35(2):337-44.
  107. Simonsen L, Taylor RJ, Viboud C, Miller MA, Jackson LA. Mortality benefits of influenza vaccination in elderly people: an ongoing controversy. Lancet Infect Dis. 2007 Oct;7(10):658-66.
  108. Talbot HK, Nian H, Chen Q, Zhu Y, Edwards KM, Griffin MR. Evaluating the case-positive, control test-negative study design for influenza vaccine effectiveness for the frailty bias. Vaccine. 2016 Apr 04;34(15):1806-9.
  109. Ferdinands JM, Shay DK. Magnitude of potential biases in a simulated case-control study of the effectiveness of influenza vaccination. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jan 01;54(1):25-32.
  110. Jackson ML, Rothman KJ. Effects of imperfect test sensitivity and specificity on observational studies of influenza vaccine effectiveness. Vaccine. 2015 Mar 10;33(11):1313-6.
  111. Chang DH, Bednarczyk RA, Becker ER, Hockenberry JM, Weiss PS, Orenstein WA, et al. Trends in U.S. hospitalizations and inpatient deaths from pneumonia and influenza, 1996-2011. Vaccine. 2016 Jan 20;34(4):486-94.
  112. Oxford JS, Schild GC, Potter CW, Jennings R. The specificity of the anti-haemagglutinin antibody response induced in man by inactivated influenza vaccines and by natural infection. J Hyg (Lond). 1979 Feb;82(1):51-61.
  113. Neuzil KM, Dupont WD, Wright PF, Edwards KM. Efficacy of inactivated and cold-adapted vaccines against influenza A infection, 1985 to 1990: the pediatric experience. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001 Aug;20(8):733-40.
  114. Hirota Y, Kaji M, Ide S, Kajiwara J, Kataoka K, Goto S, et al. Antibody efficacy as a keen index to evaluate influenza vaccine effectiveness. Vaccine. 1997 Jun;15(9):962-7.
  115. La Montagne JR, Noble GR, Quinnan GV, Curlin GT, Blackwelder WC, Smith JI, et al. Summary of clinical trials of inactivated influenza vaccine - 1978. Rev Infect Dis. 1983 Jul-Aug;5(4):723-36.
  116. He XS, Holmes TH, Zhang C, Mahmood K, Kemble GW, Lewis DB, et al. Cellular immune responses in children and adults receiving inactivated or live attenuated influenza vaccines. J Virol. 2006 Dec;80(23):11756-66.
  117. Fonville JM, Wilks SH, James SL, Fox A, Ventresca M, Aban M, et al. Antibody landscapes after influenza virus infection or vaccination. Science. 2014 Nov 21;346(6212):996-1000.
  118. Petrie JG, Ohmit SE, Johnson E, Cross RT, Monto AS. Efficacy studies of influenza vaccines: effect of end points used and characteristics of vaccine failures. J Infect Dis. 2011 May 01;203(9):1309-15.
  119. King JC, Jr., Lichenstein R, Magder LS. Relationship of influenza vaccine match and use rate to medically attended acute respiratory illnesses in older residents of Maryland. November 13, 2012. Vaccine. 2013 Jan 21;31(5):839-44.
  120. Belongia EA, Kieke BA, Donahue JG, Greenlee RT, Balish A, Foust A, et al. Effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccines varied substantially with antigenic match from the 2004-2005 season to the 2006-2007 season. J Infect Dis. 2009 Jan 15;199(2):159-67.
  121. Dean AS, Moffatt CR, Rosewell A, Dwyer DE, Lindley RI, Booy R, et al. Incompletely matched influenza vaccine still provides protection in frail elderly. Vaccine. 2010 Jan 08;28(3):864-7.
  122. Kelly HA, Sullivan SG, Grant KA, Fielding JE. Moderate influenza vaccine effectiveness with variable effectiveness by match between circulating and vaccine strains in Australian adults aged 20-64 years, 2007-2011. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2013 Sep;7(5):729-37.
  123. Skowronski DM, Janjua NZ, De Serres G, Sabaiduc S, Eshaghi A, Dickinson JA, et al. Low 2012-13 influenza vaccine effectiveness associated with mutation in the egg-adapted H3N2 vaccine strain not antigenic drift in circulating viruses. PLoS One. 2014;9(3):e92153.
  124. Beran J, Peeters M, Dewe W, Raupachova J, Hobzova L, Devaster JM. Immunogenicity and safety of quadrivalent versus trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine: a randomized, controlled trial in adults. BMC Infect Dis. 2013;13:224.
  125. Domachowske JB, Pankow-Culot H, Bautista M, Feng Y, Claeys C, Peeters M, et al. A randomized trial of candidate inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine versus trivalent influenza vaccines in children aged 3-17 years. J Infect Dis. 2013 Jun 15;207(12):1878-87.
  126. Kieninger D, Sheldon E, Lin WY, Yu CJ, Bayas JM, Gabor JJ, et al. Immunogenicity, reactogenicity and safety of an inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine candidate versus inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine: a phase III, randomized trial in adults aged >/=18 years. BMC Infect Dis. 2013;13:343.
  127. Langley JM, Carmona Martinez A, Chatterjee A, Halperin SA, McNeil S, Reisinger KS, et al. Immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine candidate: a phase III randomized controlled trial in children. J Infect Dis. 2013 Aug 15;208(4):544-53.
  128. Pepin S, Donazzolo Y, Jambrecina A, Salamand C, Saville M. Safety and immunogenicity of a quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in adults. Vaccine. 2013 Nov 12;31(47):5572-8.
  129. Greenberg DP, Robertson CA, Landolfi VA, Bhaumik A, Senders SD, Decker MD. Safety and immunogenicity of an inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine in children 6 months through 8 years of age. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2014 Jun;33(6):630-6.
  130. Tinoco JC, Pavia-Ruz N, Cruz-Valdez A, Aranza Doniz C, Chandrasekaran V, Dewe W, et al. Immunogenicity, reactogenicity, and safety of inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine candidate versus inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine in healthy adults aged >/=18 years: a phase III, randomized trial. Vaccine. 2014 Mar 14;32(13):1480-7.
  131. Gorse GJ, Falsey AR, Ozol-Godfrey A, Landolfi V, Tsang PH. Safety and immunogenicity of a quadrivalent intradermal influenza vaccine in adults. Vaccine. 2015 Feb 25;33(9):1151-9.
  132. Treanor JT, Albano FR, Sawlwin DC, Graves Jones A, Airey J, Formica N, et al. Immunogenicity and safety of a quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine compared with two trivalent inactivated influenza vaccines containing alternate B strains in adults: A phase 3, randomized noninferiority study. Vaccine. 2017 Apr 04;35(15):1856-64.
  133. McLean HQ, Thompson MG, Sundaram ME, Kieke BA, Gaglani M, Murthy K, et al. Influenza vaccine effectiveness in the United States during 2012-2013: variable protection by age and virus type. J Infect Dis. 2015 May 15;211(10):1529-40.
  134. Ohmit SE, Thompson MG, Petrie JG, Thaker SN, Jackson ML, Belongia EA, et al. Influenza vaccine effectiveness in the 2011-2012 season: protection against each circulating virus and the effect of prior vaccination on estimates. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Feb;58(3):319-27.
  135. Frey S, Vesikari T, Szymczakiewicz-Multanowska A, Lattanzi M, Izu A, Groth N, et al. Clinical efficacy of cell culture-derived and egg-derived inactivated subunit influenza vaccines in healthy adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Nov 01;51(9):997-1004.
  136. Beran J, Vesikari T, Wertzova V, Karvonen A, Honegr K, Lindblad N, et al. Efficacy of inactivated split-virus influenza vaccine against culture-confirmed influenza in healthy adults: a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Infect Dis. 2009 Dec 15;200(12):1861-9.
  137. Neuzil KM, Jackson LA, Nelson J, Klimov A, Cox N, Bridges CB, et al. Immunogenicity and reactogenicity of 1 versus 2 doses of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in vaccine-naive 5-8-year-old children. J Infect Dis. 2006 Oct 15;194(8):1032-9.
  138. Allison MA, Daley MF, Crane LA, Barrow J, Beaty BL, Allred N, et al. Influenza vaccine effectiveness in healthy 6- to 21-month-old children during the 2003-2004 season. J Pediatr. 2006 Dec;149(6):755-62.
  139. Ritzwoller DP, Bridges CB, Shetterly S, Yamasaki K, Kolczak M, France EK. Effectiveness of the 2003-2004 influenza vaccine among children 6 months to 8 years of age, with 1 vs 2 doses. Pediatrics. 2005 Jul;116(1):153-9.
  140. Eisenberg KW, Szilagyi PG, Fairbrother G, Griffin MR, Staat M, Shone LP, et al. Vaccine effectiveness against laboratory-confirmed influenza in children 6 to 59 months of age during the 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 influenza seasons. Pediatrics. 2008 Nov;122(5):911-9.
  141. Vesikari T, Knuf M, Wutzler P, Karvonen A, Kieninger-Baum D, Schmitt HJ, et al. Oil-in-water emulsion adjuvant with influenza vaccine in young children. N Engl J Med. 2011 Oct 13;365(15):1406-16.
  142. Clover RD, Crawford S, Glezen WP, Taber LH, Matson CC, Couch RB. Comparison of heterotypic protection against influenza A/Taiwan/86 (H1N1) by attenuated and inactivated vaccines to A/Chile/83-like viruses. J Infect Dis. 1991 Feb;163(2):300-4.
  143. Hoberman A, Greenberg DP, Paradise JL, Rockette HE, Lave JR, Kearney DH, et al. Effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine in preventing acute otitis media in young children: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2003 Sep 24;290(12):1608-16.
  144. Clements DA, Langdon L, Bland C, Walter E. Influenza A vaccine decreases the incidence of otitis media in 6- to 30-month-old children in day care. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995 Oct;149(10):1113-7.
  145. Heikkinen T, Ruuskanen O, Waris M, Ziegler T, Arola M, Halonen P. Influenza vaccination in the prevention of acute otitis media in children. Am J Dis Child. 1991 Apr;145(4):445-8.
  146. Osterholm MT, Kelley NS, Sommer A, Belongia EA. Efficacy and effectiveness of influenza vaccines: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2012 Jan;12(1):36-44.
  147. Petrie JG, Cheng C, Malosh RE, VanWormer JJ, Flannery B, Zimmerman RK, et al. Illness Severity and Work Productivity Loss Among Working Adults With Medically Attended Acute Respiratory Illnesses: US Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network 2012-2013. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Feb 15;62(4):448-55.
  148. Reber AJ, Chirkova T, Kim JH, Cao W, Biber R, Shay DK, et al. Immunosenescence and Challenges of Vaccination against Influenza in the Aging Population. Aging Dis. 2012 Feb;3(1):68-90.
  149. Goodwin K, Viboud C, Simonsen L. Antibody response to influenza vaccination in the elderly: a quantitative review. Vaccine. 2006 Feb 20;24(8):1159-69.
  150. Dunning AJ, DiazGranados CA, Voloshen T, Hu B, Landolfi VA, Talbot HK. Correlates of Protection against Influenza in the Elderly: Results from an Influenza Vaccine Efficacy Trial. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2016 Jan 13;23(3):228-35.
  151. Gross PA, Weksler ME, Quinnan GV, Jr., Douglas RG, Jr., Gaerlan PF, Denning CR. Immunization of elderly people with two doses of influenza vaccine. J Clin Microbiol. 1987 Sep;25(9):1763-5.
  152. Feery BJ, Cheyne IM, Hampson AW, Atkinson MI. Antibody response to one and two doses of influenza virus subunit vaccine. Med J Aust. 1976 Feb 14;1(7):186, 8-9.
  153. Levine M, Beattie BL, McLean DM. Comparison of one- and two-dose regimens of influenza vaccine for elderly men. CMAJ. 1987 Oct 15;137(8):722-6.
  154. Govaert TM, Thijs CT, Masurel N, Sprenger MJ, Dinant GJ, Knottnerus JA. The efficacy of influenza vaccination in elderly individuals. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. JAMA. 1994 Dec 07;272(21):1661-5.
  155. Jefferson T, Di Pietrantonj C, Al-Ansary LA, Ferroni E, Thorning S, Thomas RE. Vaccines for preventing influenza in the elderly. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Feb 17(2):CD004876.
  156. Beyer WE, McElhaney J, Smith DJ, Monto AS, Nguyen-Van-Tam JS, Osterhaus AD. Cochrane re-arranged: support for policies to vaccinate elderly people against influenza. Vaccine. 2013 Dec 05;31(50):6030-3.
  157. Darvishian M, Bijlsma MJ, Hak E, van den Heuvel ER. Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine in community-dwelling elderly people: a meta-analysis of test-negative design case-control studies. Lancet Infect Dis. 2014 Dec;14(12):1228-39.
  158. Gross PA, Hermogenes AW, Sacks HS, Lau J, Levandowski RA. The efficacy of influenza vaccine in elderly persons. A meta-analysis and review of the literature. Ann Intern Med. 1995 Oct 01;123(7):518-27.
  159. Hak E, Nordin J, Wei F, Mullooly J, Poblete S, Strikas R, et al. Influence of high-risk medical conditions on the effectiveness of influenza vaccination among elderly members of 3 large managed-care organizations. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Aug 15;35(4):370-7.
  160. Mullooly JP, Bennett MD, Hornbrook MC, Barker WH, Williams WW, Patriarca PA, et al. Influenza vaccination programs for elderly persons: cost-effectiveness in a health maintenance organization. Ann Intern Med. 1994 Dec 15;121(12):947-52.
  161. Nichol KL, Nordin JD, Nelson DB, Mullooly JP, Hak E. Effectiveness of influenza vaccine in the community-dwelling elderly. N Engl J Med. 2007 Oct 04;357(14):1373-81.
  162. Nordin J, Mullooly J, Poblete S, Strikas R, Petrucci R, Wei F, et al. Influenza vaccine effectiveness in preventing hospitalizations and deaths in persons 65 years or older in Minnesota, New York, and Oregon: data from 3 health plans. J Infect Dis. 2001 Sep 15;184(6):665-70.
  163. Chiu PJ, Chen CH, Chih YC. Effectiveness of the influenza vaccination program for the elderly in Taiwan. Vaccine. 2013 Jan 11;31(4):632-8.
  164. Simonsen L, Viboud C, Taylor RJ. Effectiveness of influenza vaccination. N Engl J Med. 2007 Dec 27;357(26):2729-30; author reply 30-1.
  165. Jackson LA, Nelson JC, Benson P, Neuzil KM, Reid RJ, Psaty BM, et al. Functional status is a confounder of the association of influenza vaccine and risk of all cause mortality in seniors. Int J Epidemiol. 2006 Apr;35(2):345-52.
  166. Jefferson T, Rivetti D, Rivetti A, Rudin M, Di Pietrantonj C, Demicheli V. Efficacy and effectiveness of influenza vaccines in elderly people: a systematic review. Lancet. 2005 Oct 01;366(9492):1165-74.
  167. Nelson JC, Jackson ML, Jackson LA. Effectiveness of influenza vaccination. N Engl J Med. 2007 Dec 27;357(26):2728-9; author reply 30-1.
  168. Wong K, Campitelli MA, Stukel TA, Kwong JC. Estimating influenza vaccine effectiveness in community-dwelling elderly patients using the instrumental variable analysis method. Arch Intern Med. 2012 Mar 26;172(6):484-91.
  169. Baxter R, Ray GT, Fireman BH. Effect of influenza vaccination on hospitalizations in persons aged 50 years and older. Vaccine. 2010 Oct 21;28(45):7267-72.
  170. Fireman B, Lee J, Lewis N, Bembom O, van der Laan M, Baxter R. Influenza vaccination and mortality: differentiating vaccine effects from bias. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Sep 01;170(5):650-6.
  171. Kwong JC, Campitelli MA, Gubbay JB, Peci A, Winter AL, Olsha R, et al. Vaccine effectiveness against laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalizations among elderly adults during the 2010-2011 season. Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Sep;57(6):820-7.
  172. VanWormer JJ, Sundaram ME, Meece JK, Belongia EA. A cross-sectional analysis of symptom severity in adults with influenza and other acute respiratory illness in the outpatient setting. BMC Infect Dis. 2014 May 01;14:231.
  173. Arriola CS, Anderson EJ, Baumbach J, Bennett N, Bohm S, Hill M, et al. Does Influenza Vaccination Modify Influenza Severity? Data on Older Adults Hospitalized With Influenza During the 2012-2013 Season in the United States. J Infect Dis. 2015 Oct 15;212(8):1200-8.
  174. Arriola CS, Garg S, Anderson EJ, Ryan PA, George A, Zansky SM, et al. Influenza vaccination modifies disease severity among community-dwelling adults hospitalized with influenza. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 May 19.
  175. Monto AS, Hornbuckle K, Ohmit SE. Influenza vaccine effectiveness among elderly nursing home residents: a cohort study. Am J Epidemiol. 2001 Jul 15;154(2):155-60.
  176. Ohmit SE, Arden NH, Monto AS. Effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine among nursing home residents during an influenza type A (H3N2) epidemic. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1999 Feb;47(2):165-71.
  177. Rivetti D, Jefferson T, Thomas R, Rudin M, Rivetti A, Di Pietrantonj C, et al. Vaccines for preventing influenza in the elderly. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Jul 19(3):CD004876.
  178. Coles FB, Balzano GJ, Morse DL. An outbreak of influenza A (H3N2) in a well immunized nursing home population. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1992 Jun;40(6):589-92.
  179. Libow LS, Neufeld RR, Olson E, Breuer B, Starer P. Sequential outbreak of influenza A and B in a nursing home: efficacy of vaccine and amantadine. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 Oct;44(10):1153-7.
  180. Englund JA, Mbawuike IN, Hammill H, Holleman MC, Baxter BD, Glezen WP. Maternal immunization with influenza or tetanus toxoid vaccine for passive antibody protection in young infants. J Infect Dis. 1993 Sep;168(3):647-56.
  181. Reuman PD, Ayoub EM, Small PA. Effect of passive maternal antibody on influenza illness in children: a prospective study of influenza A in mother-infant pairs. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1987 Apr;6(4):398-403.
  182. Helmig RB, Maimburg RD, Erikstrup C, Nielsen HS, Petersen OB, Nielsen LP, et al. Antibody response to influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 in vaccinated, serologically infected and unaffected pregnant women and their newborns. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2015 Aug;94(8):833-9.
  183. Zaman K, Roy E, Arifeen SE, Rahman M, Raqib R, Wilson E, et al. Effectiveness of maternal influenza immunization in mothers and infants. N Engl J Med. 2008 Oct 09;359(15):1555-64.
  184. Madhi SA, Nunes MC, Cutland CL. Influenza vaccination of pregnant women and protection of their infants. N Engl J Med. 2014 Dec 11;371(24):2340.
  185. Tapia MD, Sow SO, Tamboura B, Teguete I, Pasetti MF, Kodio M, et al. Maternal immunisation with trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine for prevention of influenza in infants in Mali: a prospective, active-controlled, observer-blind, randomised phase 4 trial. Lancet Infect Dis. 2016 Sep;16(9):1026-35.
  186. Steinhoff MC, Katz J, Englund JA, Khatry SK, Shrestha L, Kuypers J, et al. Year-round influenza immunisation during pregnancy in Nepal: a phase 4, randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet Infect Dis. 2017 May 15.
  187. Benowitz I, Esposito DB, Gracey KD, Shapiro ED, Vazquez M. Influenza vaccine given to pregnant women reduces hospitalization due to influenza in their infants. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Dec 15;51(12):1355-61.
  188. Eick AA, Uyeki TM, Klimov A, Hall H, Reid R, Santosham M, et al. Maternal influenza vaccination and effect on influenza virus infection in young infants. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011 Feb;165(2):104-11.
  189. Poehling KA, Szilagyi PG, Staat MA, Snively BM, Payne DC, Bridges CB, et al. Impact of maternal immunization on influenza hospitalizations in infants. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Jun;204(6 Suppl 1):S141-8.
  190. Thompson MG, Li DK, Shifflett P, Sokolow LZ, Ferber JR, Kurosky S, et al. Effectiveness of seasonal trivalent influenza vaccine for preventing influenza virus illness among pregnant women: a population-based case-control study during the 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 influenza seasons. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Feb;58(4):449-57.
  191. Sugaya N, Nerome K, Ishida M, Matsumoto M, Mitamura K, Nirasawa M. Efficacy of inactivated vaccine in preventing antigenically drifted influenza type A and well-matched type B. JAMA. 1994 Oct 12;272(14):1122-6.
  192. Smits AJ, Hak E, Stalman WA, van Essen GA, Hoes AW, Verheij TJ. Clinical effectiveness of conventional influenza vaccination in asthmatic children. Epidemiol Infect. 2002 Apr;128(2):205-11.
  193. Kramarz P, Destefano F, Gargiullo PM, Chen RT, Lieu TA, Davis RL, et al. Does influenza vaccination prevent asthma exacerbations in children? J Pediatr. 2001 Mar;138(3):306-10.
  194. Ong BA, Forester J, Fallot A. Does influenza vaccination improve pediatric asthma outcomes? The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma. 2009 Jun;46(5):477-80.
  195. Bueving HJ, Bernsen RM, de Jongste JC, van Suijlekom-Smit LW, Rimmelzwaan GF, Osterhaus AD, et al. Influenza vaccination in children with asthma: randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004 Feb 15;169(4):488-93.
  196. Christy C, Aligne CA, Auinger P, Pulcino T, Weitzman M. Effectiveness of influenza vaccine for the prevention of asthma exacerbations. Arch Dis Child. 2004 Aug;89(8):734-5.
  197. Park CL, Frank AL, Sullivan M, Jindal P, Baxter BD. Influenza vaccination of children during acute asthma exacerbation and concurrent prednisone therapy. Pediatrics. 1996 Aug;98(2 Pt 1):196-200.
  198. Herrera GA, Iwane MK, Cortese M, Brown C, Gershman K, Shupe A, et al. Influenza vaccine effectiveness among 50-64-year-old persons during a season of poor antigenic match between vaccine and circulating influenza virus strains: Colorado, United States, 2003-2004. Vaccine. 2007 Jan 02;25(1):154-60.
  199. Hak E, Buskens E, van Essen GA, de Bakker DH, Grobbee DE, Tacken MA, et al. Clinical effectiveness of influenza vaccination in persons younger than 65 years with high-risk medical conditions: the PRISMA study. Arch Intern Med. 2005 Feb 14;165(3):274-80.
  200. Looijmans-Van den Akker I, Verheij TJ, Buskens E, Nichol KL, Rutten GE, Hak E. Clinical effectiveness of first and repeat influenza vaccination in adult and elderly diabetic patients. Diabetes Care. 2006 Aug;29(8):1771-6.
  201. Wongsurakiat P, Maranetra KN, Wasi C, Kositanont U, Dejsomritrutai W, Charoenratanakul S. Acute respiratory illness in patients with COPD and the effectiveness of influenza vaccination: a randomized controlled study. Chest. 2004 Jun;125(6):2011-20.
  202. Poole PJ, Chacko E, Wood-Baker RW, Cates CJ. Influenza vaccine for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Jan 25(1):CD002733.
  203. Cates CJ, Rowe BH. Vaccines for preventing influenza in people with asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Feb 28(2):CD000364.
  204. Smeeth L, Thomas SL, Hall AJ, Hubbard R, Farrington P, Vallance P. Risk of myocardial infarction and stroke after acute infection or vaccination. N Engl J Med. 2004 Dec 16;351(25):2611-8.
  205. Gurfinkel EP, de la Fuente RL, Mendiz O, Mautner B. Influenza vaccine pilot study in acute coronary syndromes and planned percutaneous coronary interventions: the FLU Vaccination Acute Coronary Syndromes (FLUVACS) Study. Circulation. 2002 May 07;105(18):2143-7.
  206. Gurfinkel EP, Leon de la Fuente R, Mendiz O, Mautner B. Flu vaccination in acute coronary syndromes and planned percutaneous coronary interventions (FLUVACS) Study. Eur Heart J. 2004 Jan;25(1):25-31.
  207. Ciszewski A, Bilinska ZT, Brydak LB, Kepka C, Kruk M, Romanowska M, et al. Influenza vaccination in secondary prevention from coronary ischaemic events in coronary artery disease: FLUCAD study. Eur Heart J. 2008 Jun;29(11):1350-8.
  208. Phrommintikul A, Kuanprasert S, Wongcharoen W, Kanjanavanit R, Chaiwarith R, Sukonthasarn A. Influenza vaccination reduces cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Eur Heart J. 2011 Jul;32(14):1730-5.
  209. Breteler JK, Tam JS, Jit M, Ket JC, De Boer MR. Efficacy and effectiveness of seasonal and pandemic A (H1N1) 2009 influenza vaccines in low and middle income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Vaccine. 2013 Oct 25;31(45):5168-77.
  210. Asghar Z, Coupland C, Siriwardena N. Influenza vaccination and risk of stroke: Self-controlled case-series study. Vaccine. 2015 Oct 05;33(41):5458-63.
  211. Black S, Nicolay U, Del Giudice G, Rappuoli R. Influence of Statins on Influenza Vaccine Response in Elderly Individuals. J Infect Dis. 2016 Apr 15;213(8):1224-8.
  212. Omer SB, Phadke VK, Bednarczyk RA, Chamberlain AT, Brosseau JL, Orenstein WA. Impact of Statins on Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Against Medically Attended Acute Respiratory Illness. J Infect Dis. 2016 Apr 15;213(8):1216-23.
  213. McLean HQ, Chow BD, VanWormer JJ, King JP, Belongia EA. Effect of Statin Use on Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness. J Infect Dis. 2016 Oct 15;214(8):1150-8.
  214. Song JY, Cheong HJ, Ha SH, Hwang IS, Kee SY, Jeong HW, et al. Clinical impact of influenza immunization in patients with liver cirrhosis. J Clin Virol. 2007 Jul;39(3):159-63.
  215. Su FH, Huang YL, Sung FC, Su CT, Hsu WH, Chang SN, et al. Annual influenza vaccination reduces total hospitalization in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection: A population-based analysis. Vaccine. 2016 Jan 02;34(1):120-7.
  216. Sperling RS, Engel SM, Wallenstein S, Kraus TA, Garrido J, Singh T, et al. Immunogenicity of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccination received during pregnancy or postpartum. Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Mar;119(3):631-9.
  217. Sheridan PA, Paich HA, Handy J, Karlsson EA, Hudgens MG, Sammon AB, et al. Obesity is associated with impaired immune response to influenza vaccination in humans. Int J Obes (Lond). 2012 Aug;36(8):1072-7.
  218. Talbot HK, Coleman LA, Crimin K, Zhu Y, Rock MT, Meece J, et al. Association between obesity and vulnerability and serologic response to influenza vaccination in older adults. Vaccine. 2012 Jun 06;30(26):3937-43.
  219. Esposito S, Giavoli C, Trombetta C, Bianchini S, Montinaro V, Spada A, et al. Immunogenicity, safety and tolerability of inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine in overweight and obese children. Vaccine. 2016 Jan 02;34(1):56-60.
  220. Gefenaite G, Rahamat-Langendoen J, Ambrozaitis A, Mickiene A, Jancoriene L, Kuliese M, et al. Seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness against influenza in 2012-2013: a hospital-based case-control study in Lithuania. Vaccine. 2014 Feb 07;32(7):857-63.
  221. Chadwick EG, Chang G, Decker MD, Yogev R, Dimichele D, Edwards KM. Serologic response to standard inactivated influenza vaccine in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1994 Mar;13(3):206-11.
  222. Huang KL, Ruben FL, Rinaldo CR, Jr., Kingsley L, Lyter DW, Ho M. Antibody responses after influenza and pneumococcal immunization in HIV-infected homosexual men. JAMA. 1987 Apr 17;257(15):2047-50.
  223. Staprans SI, Hamilton BL, Follansbee SE, Elbeik T, Barbosa P, Grant RM, et al. Activation of virus replication after vaccination of HIV-1-infected individuals. J Exp Med. 1995 Dec 1;182(6):1727-37.
  224. Kroon FP, van Dissel JT, de Jong JC, Zwinderman K, van Furth R. Antibody response after influenza vaccination in HIV-infected individuals: a consecutive 3-year study. Vaccine. 2000 Jul 01;18(26):3040-9.
  225. Miotti PG, Nelson KE, Dallabetta GA, Farzadegan H, Margolick J, Clements ML. The influence of HIV infection on antibody responses to a two-dose regimen of influenza vaccine. JAMA. 1989 Aug 11;262(6):779-83.
  226. Fine AD, Bridges CB, De Guzman AM, Glover L, Zeller B, Wong SJ, et al. Influenza A among patients with human immunodeficiency virus: an outbreak of infection at a residential facility in New York City. Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Jun 15;32(12):1784-91.
  227. Madhi SA, Maskew M, Koen A, Kuwanda L, Besselaar TG, Naidoo D, et al. Trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in African adults infected with human immunodeficient virus: double blind, randomized clinical trial of efficacy, immunogenicity, and safety. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Jan 01;52(1):128-37.
  228. Madhi SA, Dittmer S, Kuwanda L, Venter M, Cassim H, Lazarus E, et al. Efficacy and immunogenicity of influenza vaccine in HIV-infected children: a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial. AIDS. 2013 Jan 28;27(3):369-79.
  229. McKittrick N, Frank I, Jacobson JM, White CJ, Kim D, Kappes R, et al. Improved immunogenicity with high-dose seasonal influenza vaccine in HIV-infected persons: a single-center, parallel, randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Jan 01;158(1):19-26.
  230. Hakim H, Allison KJ, Van de Velde LA, Tang L, Sun Y, Flynn PM, et al. Immunogenicity and safety of high-dose trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine compared to standard-dose vaccine in children and young adults with cancer or HIV infection. Vaccine. 2016 Jun 08;34(27):3141-8.
  231. Kumar D, Blumberg EA, Danziger-Isakov L, Kotton CN, Halasa NB, Ison MG, et al. Influenza vaccination in the organ transplant recipient: review and summary recommendations. American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons. 2011 Oct;11(10):2020-30.
  232. Birdwell KA, Ikizler MR, Sannella EC, Wang L, Byrne DW, Ikizler TA, et al. Decreased antibody response to influenza vaccination in kidney transplant recipients: a prospective cohort study. Am J Kidney Dis. 2009 Jul;54(1):112-21.
  233. Scharpe J, Evenepoel P, Maes B, Bammens B, Claes K, Osterhaus AD, et al. Influenza vaccination is efficacious and safe in renal transplant recipients. American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons. 2008 Feb;8(2):332-7.
  234. Edvardsson VO, Flynn JT, Deforest A, Kaiser BA, Schulman SL, Bradley A, et al. Effective immunization against influenza in pediatric renal transplant recipients. Clin Transplant. 1996 Dec;10(6 Pt 1):556-60.
  235. Nailescu C, Xu X, Zhou H, Hall H, Wilson AC, Leiser JD, et al. Influenza vaccine after pediatric kidney transplant: a Midwest Pediatric Nephrology Consortium study. Pediatr Nephrol. 2011 Mar;26(3):459-67.
  236. Krairittichai U, Chittaganpitch M. Efficacy of the trivalent influenza vaccination in Thai patients with hemodialysis or kidney transplant compared with healthy volunteers. J Med Assoc Thai. 2013 Mar;96 Suppl 3:S1-7.
  237. Hurst FP, Lee JJ, Jindal RM, Agodoa LY, Abbott KC. Outcomes associated with influenza vaccination in the first year after kidney transplantation. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 May;6(5):1192-7.
  238. Duchini A, Hendry RM, Nyberg LM, Viernes ME, Pockros PJ. Immune response to influenza vaccine in adult liver transplant recipients. Liver transplantation : official publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society. 2001 Apr;7(4):311-3.
  239. Lawal A, Basler C, Branch A, Gutierrez J, Schwartz M, Schiano TD. Influenza vaccination in orthotopic liver transplant recipients: absence of post administration ALT elevation. American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons. 2004 Nov;4(11):1805-9.
  240. Cordero E, Roca-Oporto C, Bulnes-Ramos A, Aydillo T, Gavalda J, Moreno A, et al. Two Doses of Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Improve Immune Response in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: Results of TRANSGRIPE 1-2, a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Apr 01;64(7):829-38.
  241. Flublok Quadrivalent [Package Insert]. Meriden, CT: Protein Sciences; 2017.
  242. Flublok [Pachage insert]. Meriden, CT: Protein Sciences; 2017.
  243. Treanor JJ, Schiff GM, Hayden FG, Brady RC, Hay CM, Meyer AL, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of a baculovirus-expressed hemagglutinin influenza vaccine: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2007 Apr 11;297(14):1577-82.
  244. Treanor JJ, El Sahly H, King J, Graham I, Izikson R, Kohberger R, et al. Protective efficacy of a trivalent recombinant hemagglutinin protein vaccine (FluBlok(R)) against influenza in healthy adults: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Vaccine. 2011 Oct 13;29(44):7733-9.
  245. Keitel WA, Treanor JJ, El Sahly HM, Gilbert A, Meyer AL, Patriarca PA, et al. Comparative immunogenicity of recombinant influenza hemagglutinin (rHA) and trivalent inactivated vaccine (TIV) among persons > or =65 years old. Vaccine. 2009 Dec 11;28(2):379-85.
  246. Baxter R, Patriarca PA, Ensor K, Izikson R, Goldenthal KL, Cox MM. Evaluation of the safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of FluBlok(R) trivalent recombinant baculovirus-expressed hemagglutinin influenza vaccine administered intramuscularly to healthy adults 50-64 years of age. Vaccine. 2011 Mar 09;29(12):2272-8.
  247. Summary Basis for Regulatory Action-Flublok Quadrivalent. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration; 2016.
  248. Dunkle LM, Izikson R, Patriarca P, Goldenthal KL, Muse D, Callahan J, et al. Efficacy of Recombinant Influenza Vaccine in Adults 50 Years of Age or Older. N Engl J Med. 2017 Jun 22;376(25):2427-36.
  249. King JC, Jr., Cox MM, Reisinger K, Hedrick J, Graham I, Patriarca P. Evaluation of the safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of FluBlok trivalent recombinant baculovirus-expressed hemagglutinin influenza vaccine administered intramuscularly to healthy children aged 6-59 months. Vaccine. 2009 Nov 05;27(47):6589-94.
  250. Fluzone High-Dose [Package Insert]. Swiftwater, PA: Sanofi Pasteur; 2017.
  251. Couch RB, Winokur P, Brady R, Belshe R, Chen WH, Cate TR, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of a high dosage trivalent influenza vaccine among elderly subjects. Vaccine. 2007 Nov 01;25(44):7656-63.
  252. Falsey AR, Treanor JJ, Tornieporth N, Capellan J, Gorse GJ. Randomized, double-blind controlled phase 3 trial comparing the immunogenicity of high-dose and standard-dose influenza vaccine in adults 65 years of age and older. J Infect Dis. 2009 Jul 15;200(2):172-80.
  253. Keitel WA, Atmar RL, Cate TR, Petersen NJ, Greenberg SB, Ruben F, et al. Safety of high doses of influenza vaccine and effect on antibody responses in elderly persons. Arch Intern Med. 2006 May 22;166(10):1121-7.
  254. Summary Basis for Regulatory Action, December 23, 2009–Fluzone High-Dose. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration; 2009.
  255. DiazGranados CA, Dunning AJ, Kimmel M, Kirby D, Treanor J, Collins A, et al. Efficacy of high-dose versus standard-dose influenza vaccine in older adults. N Engl J Med. 2014 Aug 14;371(7):635-45.
  256. DiazGranados CA, Robertson CA, Talbot HK, Landolfi V, Dunning AJ, Greenberg DP. Prevention of serious events in adults 65 years of age or older: A comparison between high-dose and standard-dose inactivated influenza vaccines. Vaccine. 2015 Sep 11;33(38):4988-93.
  257. Chit A, Becker DL, DiazGranados CA, Maschio M, Yau E, Drummond M. Cost-effectiveness of high-dose versus standard-dose inactivated influenza vaccine in adults aged 65 years and older: an economic evaluation of data from a randomised controlled trial. Lancet Infect Dis. 2015 Dec;15(12):1459-66.
  258. Gravenstein S, Davidson HE, Taljaard M, Ogarek J, Gozalo P, Han L, et al. Comparative effectiveness of high-dose versus standard-dose influenza vaccination on numbers of US nursing home residents admitted to hospital: a cluster-randomised trial. Lancet Respir Med. 2017 Jul 20.
  259. Richardson DM, Medvedeva EL, Roberts CB, Linkin DR, Centers for Disease C, Prevention Epicenter P. Comparative effectiveness of high-dose versus standard-dose influenza vaccination in community-dwelling veterans. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Jul 15;61(2):171-6.
  260. Izurieta HS, Thadani N, Shay DK, Lu Y, Maurer A, Foppa IM, et al. Comparative effectiveness of high-dose versus standard-dose influenza vaccines in US residents aged 65 years and older from 2012 to 2013 using Medicare data: a retrospective cohort analysis. Lancet Infect Dis. 2015 Mar;15(3):293-300.
  261. Shay DK, Chillarige Y, Kelman J, Forshee RA, Foppa IM, Wernecke M, et al. Comparative Effectiveness of High-Dose Versus Standard-Dose Influenza Vaccines Among US Medicare Beneficiaries in Preventing Postinfluenza Deaths During 2012-2013 and 2013-2014. J Infect Dis. 2017 Mar 02.
  262. Summary Basis for Regulatory Action–Fluad. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration; 2017.
  263. Fluad [Package Insert]. Holly Springs, NC: Seqirus; 2017.
  264. Van Buynder PG, Konrad S, Van Buynder JL, Brodkin E, Krajden M, Ramler G, et al. The comparative effectiveness of adjuvanted and unadjuvanted trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) in the elderly. Vaccine. 2013 Dec 09;31(51):6122-8.
  265. Mannino S, Villa M, Apolone G, Weiss NS, Groth N, Aquino I, et al. Effectiveness of adjuvanted influenza vaccination in elderly subjects in northern Italy. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Sep 15;176(6):527-33.
  266. Spadea A, Unim B, Colamesta V, Meneghini A, D'Amici AM, Giudiceandrea B, et al. Is the adjuvanted influenza vaccine more effective than the trivalent inactivated vaccine in the elderly population? Results of a case-control study. Vaccine. 2014 Sep 15;32(41):5290-4.
  267. Lee MS, Mahmood K, Adhikary L, August MJ, Cordova J, Cho I, et al. Measuring antibody responses to a live attenuated influenza vaccine in children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2004 Sep;23(9):852-6.
  268. Nolan T, Lee MS, Cordova JM, Cho I, Walker RE, August MJ, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of a live-attenuated influenza vaccine blended and filled at two manufacturing facilities. Vaccine. 2003 Mar 7;21(11-12):1224-31.
  269. Zangwill KM, Droge J, Mendelman P, Marcy SM, Partridge S, Chiu CY, et al. Prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled evaluation of the safety and immunogenicity of three lots of intranasal trivalent influenza vaccine among young children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001 Aug;20(8):740-6.
  270. Block SL, Falloon J, Hirschfield JA, Krilov LR, Dubovsky F, Yi T, et al. Immunogenicity and safety of a quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine in children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 Jul;31(7):745-51.
  271. Block SL, Yi T, Sheldon E, Dubovsky F, Falloon J. A randomized, double-blind noninferiority study of quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine in adults. Vaccine. 2011 Nov 21;29(50):9391-7.
  272. Belshe RB, Mendelman PM, Treanor J, King J, Gruber WC, Piedra P, et al. The efficacy of live attenuated, cold-adapted, trivalent, intranasal influenzavirus vaccine in children. N Engl J Med. 1998 May 14;338(20):1405-12.
  273. Belshe RB, Gruber WC, Mendelman PM, Cho I, Reisinger K, Block SL, et al. Efficacy of vaccination with live attenuated, cold-adapted, trivalent, intranasal influenza virus vaccine against a variant (A/Sydney) not contained in the vaccine. J Pediatr. 2000 Feb;136(2):168-75.
  274. Bracco Neto H, Farhat CK, Tregnaghi MW, Madhi SA, Razmpour A, Palladino G, et al. Efficacy and safety of 1 and 2 doses of live attenuated influenza vaccine in vaccine-naive children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2009 May;28(5):365-71.
  275. Vesikari T, Fleming DM, Aristegui JF, Vertruyen A, Ashkenazi S, Rappaport R, et al. Safety, efficacy, and effectiveness of cold-adapted influenza vaccine-trivalent against community-acquired, culture-confirmed influenza in young children attending day care. Pediatrics. 2006 Dec;118(6):2298-312.
  276. Tam JS, Capeding MR, Lum LC, Chotpitayasunondh T, Jiang Z, Huang LM, et al. Efficacy and safety of a live attenuated, cold-adapted influenza vaccine, trivalent against culture-confirmed influenza in young children in Asia. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007 Jul;26(7):619-28.
  277. Gaglani MJ, Piedra PA, Herschler GB, Griffith ME, Kozinetz CA, Riggs MW, et al. Direct and total effectiveness of the intranasal, live-attenuated, trivalent cold-adapted influenza virus vaccine against the 2000-2001 influenza A(H1N1) and B epidemic in healthy children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Jan;158(1):65-73.
  278. Block SL, Heikkinen T, Toback SL, Zheng W, Ambrose CS. The efficacy of live attenuated influenza vaccine against influenza-associated acute otitis media in children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2011 Mar;30(3):203-7.
  279. Nichol KL, Mendelman PM, Mallon KP, Jackson LA, Gorse GJ, Belshe RB, et al. Effectiveness of live, attenuated intranasal influenza virus vaccine in healthy, working adults: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 1999 Jul 14;282(2):137-44.
  280. Monto AS, Ohmit SE, Petrie JG, Johnson E, Truscon R, Teich E, et al. Comparative efficacy of inactivated and live attenuated influenza vaccines. N Engl J Med. 2009 Sep 24;361(13):1260-7.
  281. Ohmit SE, Victor JC, Rotthoff JR, Teich ER, Truscon RK, Baum LL, et al. Prevention of antigenically drifted influenza by inactivated and live attenuated vaccines. N Engl J Med. 2006 Dec 14;355(24):2513-22.
  282. Ohmit SE, Victor JC, Teich ER, Truscon RK, Rotthoff JR, Newton DW, et al. Prevention of symptomatic seasonal influenza in 2005-2006 by inactivated and live attenuated vaccines. J Infect Dis. 2008 Aug 1;198(3):312-7.
  283. Ambrose CS, Levin MJ, Belshe RB. The relative efficacy of trivalent live attenuated and inactivated influenza vaccines in children and adults. Influenza and other respiratory viruses. 2011 Mar;5(2):67-75.
  284. Treanor JJ, Kotloff K, Betts RF, Belshe R, Newman F, Iacuzio D, et al. Evaluation of trivalent, live, cold-adapted (CAIV-T) and inactivated (TIV) influenza vaccines in prevention of virus infection and illness following challenge of adults with wild-type influenza A (H1N1), A (H3N2), and B viruses. Vaccine. 1999 Dec 10;18(9-10):899-906.
  285. Wang Z, Tobler S, Roayaei J, Eick A. Live attenuated or inactivated influenza vaccines and medical encounters for respiratory illnesses among US military personnel. JAMA. 2009 Mar 4;301(9):945-53.
  286. Eick AA, Wang Z, Hughes H, Ford SM, Tobler SK. Comparison of the trivalent live attenuated vs. inactivated influenza vaccines among U.S. military service members. Vaccine. 2009 Jun 2;27(27):3568-75.
  287. Ashkenazi S, Vertruyen A, Aristegui J, Esposito S, McKeith DD, Klemola T, et al. Superior relative efficacy of live attenuated influenza vaccine compared with inactivated influenza vaccine in young children with recurrent respiratory tract infections. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006 Oct;25(10):870-9.
  288. Belshe RB, Edwards KM, Vesikari T, Black SV, Walker RE, Hultquist M, et al. Live attenuated versus inactivated influenza vaccine in infants and young children. N Engl J Med. 2007 Feb 15;356(7):685-96.
  289. Fleming DM, Crovari P, Wahn U, Klemola T, Schlesinger Y, Langussis A, et al. Comparison of the efficacy and safety of live attenuated cold-adapted influenza vaccine, trivalent, with trivalent inactivated influenza virus vaccine in children and adolescents with asthma. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006 Oct;25(10):860-9.
  290. Piedra PA, Gaglani MJ, Kozinetz CA, Herschler GB, Fewlass C, Harvey D, et al. Trivalent live attenuated intranasal influenza vaccine administered during the 2003-2004 influenza type A (H3N2) outbreak provided immediate, direct, and indirect protection in children. Pediatrics. 2007 Sep;120(3):e553-64.
  291. Grohskopf LA, Olsen SJ, Sokolow LZ, Bresee JS, Cox NJ, Broder KR, et al. Prevention and control of seasonal influenza with vaccines: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) - United States, 2014-15 influenza season. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014 Aug 15;63(32):691-7.
  292.  CDC. Comité Asesor sobre Prácticas de Vacunación (ACIP). Informe de la reunión: 29-30 de octubre del 2014 (Actas de la reunión). Atlanta, GA: Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los EE.UU., Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades, 2014.
  293. Gaglani M, Pruszynski J, Murthy K, Clipper L, Robertson A, Reis M, et al. Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Against 2009 Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Virus Differed by Vaccine Type During 2013-2014 in the United States. J Infect Dis. 2016 May 15;213(10):1546-56.
  294. Caspard H, Gaglani M, Clipper L, Belongia EA, McLean HQ, Griffin MR, et al. Effectiveness of live attenuated influenza vaccine and inactivated influenza vaccine in children 2-17 years of age in 2013-2014 in the United States. Vaccine. 2016 Jan 02;34(1):77-82.
  295. Chung JR, Flannery B, Thompson MG, Gaglani M, Jackson ML, Monto AS, et al. Seasonal Effectiveness of Live Attenuated and Inactivated Influenza Vaccine. Pediatrics. 2016 Feb;137(2):1-10.
  296. Zimmerman RK, Nowalk MP, Chung J, Jackson ML, Jackson LA, Petrie JG, et al. 2014-2015 Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in the United States by Vaccine Type. Clin Infect Dis. 15 de diciembre del 2016;63(12):1564-73.
  297. McLean HQ, Caspard H, Griffin MR, Poehling KA, Gaglani M, Belongia EA, et al. Effectiveness of live attenuated influenza vaccine and inactivated influenza vaccine in children during the 2014-2015 season. Vaccine. 2017 May 09;35(20):2685-93.
  298. Informe del resumen del Comité Asesor sobre Prácticas de Vacunación: 26 de febrero del 2015 (Actas de la reunión). Atlanta, GA: Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los EE. UU., CDC; 2015.
  299. Grohskopf LA, Sokolow LZ, Olsen SJ, Bresee JS, Broder KR, Karron RA. Prevention and Control of Influenza with Vaccines: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, United States, 2015-16 Influenza Season. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Aug 7;64(30):818-25.
  300. Cotter CR, Jin H, Chen Z. A single amino acid in the stalk region of the H1N1pdm influenza virus HA protein affects viral fusion, stability and infectivity. PLoS Pathog. 2014 Jan;10(1):e1003831.
  301. Caspard H, Coelingh KL, Mallory RM, Ambrose CS. Association of vaccine handling conditions with effectiveness of live attenuated influenza vaccine against H1N1pdm09 viruses in the United States. Vaccine. 2016 Sep 30;34(42):5066-72.
  302. FluMist Quadrivalent [instrucciones de empleo]. Gaithersburg, MD: MedImmune; 2016.
  303. Comité Asesor sobre Prácticas de Vacunación (ACIP). Informe del resumen: 22-23 de junio del 2016 (Actas de la reunión). Atlanta, GA: Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los EE.UU., Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades, 2016.
  304. Grohskopf LA, Sokolow LZ, Broder KR, Olsen SJ, Karron RA, Jernigan DB, et al. Prevention and Control of Seasonal Influenza with Vaccines. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2016 Aug 26;65(5):1-54.
  305. Pebody R, Warburton F, Ellis J, Andrews N, Potts A, Cottrell S, et al. Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine for adults and children in preventing laboratory-confirmed influenza in primary care in the United Kingdom: 2015/16 end-of-season results. Euro Surveill. 2016 Sep 22;21(38).
  306. Nohynek H, Baum U, Syrjanen R, Ikonen N, Sundman J, Jokinen J. Effectiveness of the live attenuated and the inactivated influenza vaccine in two-year-olds - a nationwide cohort study Finland, influenza season 2015/16. Euro Surveill. 2016 Sep 22;21(38).
  307. National Advisory Committee on Immunization. Advisory Commitee Statement. Canadian Immunization Guide Chapter on Influenza and Statement on Seasonal Influenza Vaccine for 2016-2017. Addensum: LAIV Use Children and Adolescents. . Public Health Agency of Canada; 2016.
  308. Ambrose CS, Bright H, Mallory R. Letter to the editor: Potential causes of the decreased effectiveness of the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 strain in live attenuated influenza vaccines. Euro Surveill. 2016 Nov 10;21(45).
  309. Ochiai H, Shibata M, Kamimura K, Niwayama S. Evaluation of the efficacy of split-product trivalent A(H1N1), A(H3N2), and B influenza vaccines: reactogenicity, immunogenicity and persistence of antibodies following two doses of vaccines. Microbiology and immunology. 1986;30(11):1141-9.
  310. Kunzel W, Glathe H, Engelmann H, Van Hoecke C. Kinetics of humoral antibody response to trivalent inactivated split influenza vaccine in subjects previously vaccinated or vaccinated for the first time. Vaccine. 1996 Aug;14(12):1108-10.
  311. Song JY, Cheong HJ, Hwang IS, Choi WS, Jo YM, Park DW, et al. Long-term immunogenicity of influenza vaccine among the elderly: Risk factors for poor immune response and persistence. Vaccine. 2010 May 21;28(23):3929-35.
  312. Petrie JG, Ohmit SE, Johnson E, Truscon R, Monto AS. Persistence of Antibodies to Influenza Hemagglutinin and Neuraminidase Following One or Two Years of Influenza Vaccination. J Infect Dis. 2015 Dec 15;212(12):1914-22.
  313. Skowronski DM, Tweed SA, De Serres G. Rapid decline of influenza vaccine-induced antibody in the elderly: is it real, or is it relevant? J Infect Dis. 2008 Feb 15;197(4):490-502.
  314. Belongia EA, Sundaram ME, McClure DL, Meece JK, Ferdinands J, VanWormer JJ. Waning vaccine protection against influenza A (H3N2) illness in children and older adults during a single season. Vaccine. 2015 Jan 1;33(1):246-51.
  315. Castilla J, Martinez-Baz I, Martinez-Artola V, Reina G, Pozo F, Garcia Cenoz M, et al. Decline in influenza vaccine effectiveness with time after vaccination, Navarre, Spain, season 2011/12. Euro Surveill. 2013;18(5).
  316. Kissling E, Valenciano M, Larrauri A, Oroszi B, Cohen JM, Nunes B, et al. Low and decreasing vaccine effectiveness against influenza A(H3) in 2011/12 among vaccination target groups in Europe: results from the I-MOVE multicentre case-control study. Euro Surveill. 2013;18(5).
  317. Pebody R, Andrews N, McMenamin J, Durnall H, Ellis J, Thompson CI, et al. Vaccine effectiveness of 2011/12 trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine in preventing laboratory-confirmed influenza in primary care in the United Kingdom: evidence of waning intra-seasonal protection. Euro Surveill. 2013;18(5).
  318. Ferdinands JM, Fry AM, Reynolds S, Petrie J, Flannery B, Jackson ML, et al. Intraseason waning of influenza vaccine protection: Evidence from the US Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Network, 2011-12 through 2014-15. Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Dec 29.
  319. Hoskins TW, Davies JR, Allchin A, Miller CL, Pollock TM. Controlled trial of inactivated influenza vaccine containing the a-Hong Kong strain during an outbreak of influenza due to the a-England-42-72 strain. Lancet. 1973 Jul 21;2(7821):116-20.
  320. Hoskins TW, Davies JR, Smith AJ, Allchin A, Miller CL, Pollock TM. Influenza at Christ's Hospital: March, 1974. Lancet. 1976 Jan 17;1(7951):105-8.
  321. Hoskins TW, Davies JR, Smith AJ, Miller CL, Allchin A. Assessment of inactivated influenza-A vaccine after three outbreaks of influenza A at Christ's Hospital. Lancet. 1979 Jan 06;1(8106):33-5.
  322. Belongia EA, Skowronski DM, McLean HQ, Chambers C, Sundaram ME, De Serres G. Repeated annual influenza vaccination and vaccine effectiveness: Review of evidence. Expert review of vaccines. 2017 May 31.
  323. Keitel WA, Cate TR, Couch RB, Huggins LL, Hess KR. Efficacy of repeated annual immunization with inactivated influenza virus vaccines over a five year period. Vaccine. 1997 Jul;15(10):1114-22.
  324. Ohmit SE, Petrie JG, Malosh RE, Cowling BJ, Thompson MG, Shay DK, et al. Influenza vaccine effectiveness in the community and the household. Clin Infect Dis. 2013 May;56(10):1363-9.
  325. Ohmit SE, Petrie JG, Malosh RE, Johnson E, Truscon R, Aaron B, et al. Substantial Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in Households With Children During the 2013-2014 Influenza Season, When 2009 Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Virus Predominated. J Infect Dis. 2016 Apr 15;213(8):1229-36.
  326. Cheng AC, Macartney KK, Waterer GW, Kotsimbos T, Kelly PM, Blyth CC, et al. Repeated vaccination does not appear to impact on influenza vaccine effectiveness against hospitalisation with confirmed influenza. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Mar 17.
  327. McLean HQ, Thompson MG, Sundaram ME, Meece JK, McClure DL, Friedrich TC, et al. Impact of repeated vaccination on vaccine effectiveness against influenza A(H3N2) and B during 8 seasons. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Nov 15;59(10):1375-85.
  328. Martinez-Baz I, Casado I, Navascues A, Diaz-Gonzalez J, Aguinaga A, Barrado L, et al. Effect of Repeated Vaccination With the Same Vaccine Component Against 2009 Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Virus. J Infect Dis. 2017 Mar 15;215(6):847-55.
  329. France EK, Glanz JM, Xu S, Davis RL, Black SB, Shinefield HR, et al. Safety of the trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine among children: a population-based study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Nov;158(11):1031-6.
  330. Hambidge SJ, Glanz JM, France EK, McClure D, Xu S, Yamasaki K, et al. Safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children 6 to 23 months old. JAMA. 2006 Oct 25;296(16):1990-7.
  331. Glanz JM, Newcomer SR, Hambidge SJ, Daley MF, Narwaney KJ, Xu S, et al. Safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children aged 24 to 59 months in the vaccine safety datalink. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011 Aug;165(8):749-55.
  332. Barry DW, Mayner RE, Hochstein HD, Dunlap RC, Rastogi SC, Hannah JE, et al. Comparative trial of influenza vaccines. II. Adverse reactions in children and adults. Am J Epidemiol. 1976 Jul;104(1):47-59.
  333. Stockwell MS, Broder KR, Lewis P, Jakob K, Iqbal S, Fernandez N, et al. Assessing Fever Frequency After Pediatric Live Attenuated Versus Inactivated Influenza Vaccination. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2016 Jun 14.
  334. American Academy of Pediatrics. Febrile seizures: clinical practice guideline for the long-term management of the child with simple febrile seizures. Pediatrics. 2008;121(6):1281-6.
  335. Francis JR, Richmond P, Robins C, Lindsay K, Levy A, Effler PV, et al. An observational study of febrile seizures: the importance of viral infection and immunization. BMC Pediatr. 2016 Dec 03;16(1):202.
  336. Greene SK, Kulldorff M, Lewis EM, Li R, Yin R, Weintraub ES, et al. Near real-time surveillance for influenza vaccine safety: proof-of-concept in the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Jan 15;171(2):177-88.
  337. Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing-Therapeitic Goods Administration. Investigation into febrile reactions in young children following 2010 seasonal trivalent influenza vaccination. 2010.
  338. CDC. Actualización: recomendaciones del Comité Asesor sobre Prácticas de Vacunación (ACIP) relacionadas con el uso de la vacuna contra la influenza estacional (Afluria) de CSL en los Estados Unidos durante 2010-11. Informe Semanal de Morbilidad y Mortalidad (MMWR) 2010 ago. 13;59(31):989-92.
  339. Rockman S, Dyson A, Koernig S, Becher D, Ng M, Morelli AB, et al. Evaluation of the bioactivity of influenza vaccine strains in vitro suggests that the introduction of new strains in the 2010 Southern Hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine is associated with adverse events. Vaccine. 2014 Jun 24;32(30):3861-8.
  340. Rockman S, Becher D, Dyson A, Koernig S, Morelli AB, Barnden M, et al. Role of viral RNA and lipid in the adverse events associated with the 2010 Southern Hemisphere trivalent influenza vaccine. Vaccine. 2014 Jun 24;32(30):3869-76.
  341. Ramakrishna H, Gutsche JT, Patel PA, Evans AS, Weiner M, Morozowich ST, et al. The Year in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia: Selected Highlights From 2016. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017 Feb;31(1):1-13.
  342. Airey J, Albano FR, Sawlwin DC, Jones AG, Formica N, Matassa V, et al. Immunogenicity and safety of a quadrivalent inactivated influenza virus vaccine compared with a comparator quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in a pediatric population: A phase 3, randomized noninferiority study. Vaccine. 2017 May 09;35(20):2745-52.
  343. Leroy Z, Broder K, Menschik D, Shimabukuro T, Martin D. Febrile seizures after 2010-2011 influenza vaccine in young children, United States: a vaccine safety signal from the vaccine adverse event reporting system. Vaccine. 2012 Mar 2;30(11):2020-3.
  344. Tse A, Tseng HF, Greene SK, Vellozzi C, Lee GM. Signal identification and evaluation for risk of febrile seizures in children following trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project, 2010-2011. Vaccine. 2012 Mar 02;30(11):2024-31.
  345. CDC. Prevención y control de la influenza con vacunas: recomendaciones del Comité Asesor sobre Prácticas de Vacunación (ACIP, por sus siglas en inglés), 2011. Informe Semanal de Morbilidad y Mortalidad (MMWR) [Pautas de práctica]. Ago. de 2011 26;60(33):1128-32.
  346. Nuorti JP, Whitney CG. Prevention of pneumococcal disease among infants and children - use of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine - recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Recomm Rep. 2010 Dec 10;59(RR-11):1-18.
  347. Duffy J, Weintraub E, Hambidge SJ, Jackson LA, Kharbanda EO, Klein NP, et al. Febrile Seizure Risk After Vaccination in Children 6 to 23 Months. Pediatrics. 2016 Jul;138(1).
  348. Kawai AT, Martin D, Kulldorff M, Li L, Cole DV, McMahill-Walraven CN, et al. Febrile Seizures After 2010-2011 Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine. Pediatrics. 2015 Sep 14.
  349. Stockwell MS, Broder K, LaRussa P, Lewis P, Fernandez N, Sharma D, et al. Risk of fever after pediatric trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. JAMA Pediatr. 2014 Mar;168(3):211-9.
  350. Li R, Stewart B, McNeil MM, Duffy J, Nelson J, Kawai AT, et al. Post licensure surveillance of influenza vaccines in the Vaccine Safety Datalink in the 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 seasons. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2016 Apr 1.
  351. Yih WK, Kulldorff M, Sandhu SK, Zichittella L, Maro JC, Cole DV, et al. Prospective influenza vaccine safety surveillance using fresh data in the Sentinel System. Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety. 2016 May;25(5):481-92.
  352. Fluzone Quadrivalent [Package Insert]. Swiftwater, PA: Sanofi Pasteur; 2017.
  353. Fluarix Quadrivalent [Package Insert]. Research Triangle Park, NC: GlaxoSmithKline; 2017.
  354. Flulaval Quadrivalent [Package Insert]. Quebec City, QC, Canada: IB Biomedical Corporation of Quebec; 2017.
  355. Afluria Quadivalent [Package insert]. Parkville, Victoria, Austalia: Seqirus; 2017.
  356. Wang L, Chandrasekaran V, Domachowske JB, Li P, Innis BL, Jain VK. Immunogenicity and Safety of an Inactivated Quadrivalent Influenza Vaccine in US Children 6-35 Months of Age During 2013-2014: Results From A Phase II Randomized Trial. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2015 Jul 16.
  357. Haber P, Moro PL, Cano M, Lewis P, Stewart B, Shimabukuro TT. Post-licensure surveillance of quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine United States, Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), July 2013-June 2014. Vaccine. 2015 Apr 15;33(16):1987-92.
  358. Wright PF, Sell SH, Thompson J, Karzon DT. Clinical reactions and serologic response following inactivated monovalent influenza type B vaccine in young children and infants. J Pediatr. 1976 Jan;88(1):31-5.
  359. Wright PF, Thompson J, Vaughn WK, Folland DS, Sell SH, Karzon DT. Trials of influenza A/New Jersey/76 virus vaccine in normal children: an overview of age-related antigenicity and reactogenicity. J Infect Dis. 1977 Dec;136 Suppl:S731-41.
  360. Wright PF, Dolin R, La Montagne JR. From the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health, the Center for Disease Control, and the Bureau of Biologics of the Food and Drug Administration. Summary of clinical trials of influenza vaccines-II. J Infect Dis. 1976 Dec;134(6):633-8.
  361. Gross PA. Reactogenicity and immunogenicity of bivalent influenza vaccine in one- and two-dose trials in children: a summary. J Infect Dis. 1977 Dec;136 Suppl:S616-25.
  362. Bernstein DI, Zahradnik JM, DeAngelis CJ, Cherry JD. Clinical reactions and serologic responses after vaccination with whole-virus or split-virus influenza vaccines in children aged 6 to 36 months. Pediatrics. 1982 Apr;69(4):404-8.
  363. Groothuis JR, Levin MJ, Rabalais GP, Meiklejohn G, Lauer BA. Immunization of high-risk infants younger than 18 months of age with split-product influenza vaccine. Pediatrics. 1991 Jun;87(6):823-8.
  364. Halasa NB, Gerber MA, Berry AA, Anderson EL, Winokur P, Keyserling H, et al. Safety and Immunogenicity of Full-Dose Trivalent Inactivated Influenza Vaccine (TIV) Compared With Half-Dose TIV Administered to Children 6 Through 35 Months of Age. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2015 Sep;4(3):214-24.
  365. Jain VK, Domachowske JB, Wang L, Ofori-Anyinam O, Rodriguez-Weber MA, Leonardi ML, et al. Time to Change Dosing of Inactivated Quadrivalent Influenza Vaccine in Young Children: Evidence From a Phase III, Randomized, Controlled Trial. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2017 Jan 06.
  366. Govaert TM, Dinant GJ, Aretz K, Masurel N, Sprenger MJ, Knottnerus JA. Adverse reactions to influenza vaccine in elderly people: randomised double blind placebo controlled trial. BMJ. 1993 Oct 16;307(6910):988-90.
  367. Margolis KL, Nichol KL, Poland GA, Pluhar RE. Frequency of adverse reactions to influenza vaccine in the elderly. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial. JAMA. 1990 Sep 5;264(9):1139-41.
  368. Nichol KL, Margolis KL, Lind A, Murdoch M, McFadden R, Hauge M, et al. Side effects associated with influenza vaccination in healthy working adults. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Arch Intern Med. 1996 Jul 22;156(14):1546-50.
  369. Vellozzi C, Burwen DR, Dobardzic A, Ball R, Walton K, Haber P. Safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccines in adults: background for pandemic influenza vaccine safety monitoring. Vaccine. 2009 Mar 26;27(15):2114-20.
  370. 21 CFR Part 600.80. Postmarketing reporting of adverse experiences. . Code of Federal Regulations. 2010;Title 21(http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/CFRSearch.cfm?CFRPart=600/80).
  371. DiazGranados CA, Dunning AJ, Jordanov E, Landolfi V, Denis M, Talbot HK. High-dose trivalent influenza vaccine compared to standard dose vaccine in elderly adults: safety, immunogenicity and relative efficacy during the 2009-2010 season. Vaccine. 2013 Jan 30;31(6):861-6.
  372. Moro PL, Arana J, Cano M, Menschik D, Yue X, Lewis P, et al. Postlicensure safety surveillance for high-dose trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System, 1 July 2010-31 December 2010. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jun;54(11):1608-14.
  373. Kaka AS, Filice GA, Myllenbeck S, Nichol KL. Comparison of Side Effects of the 2015-2016 High-Dose, Inactivated, Trivalent Influenza Vaccine and Standard Dose, Inactivated, Trivalent Influenza Vaccine in Adults >/=65 Years. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2017 Winter;4(1):ofx001.
  374. Jain VK, Chandrasekaran V, Wang L, Li P, Liu A, Innis BL. A historically-controlled Phase III study in adults to characterize the acceptability of a process change for manufacturing inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine. BMC Infect Dis. 2014;14:133.
  375. Haber P, Moro PL, Lewis P, Woo EJ, Jankosky C, Cano M. Post-licensure surveillance of quadrivalent inactivated influenza (IIV4) vaccine in the United States, Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), July 1, 2013-May 31, 2015. Vaccine. 2016 May 11;34(22):2507-12.
  376. Pasteur S. Fluzone Intradermal [Package Insert]. Swiftwater, PA. 2013.
  377. Young F, Marra F. A systematic review of intradermal influenza vaccines. Vaccine. 2011 Nov 8;29(48):8788-801.
  378. Moro PL, Harrington T, Shimabukuro T, Cano M, Museru OI, Menschik D, et al. Adverse events after Fluzone (R) Intradermal vaccine reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), 2011-2013. Vaccine. 2013 Oct 9;31(43):4984-7.
  379. Moro PL, Winiecki S, Lewis P, Shimabukuro TT, Cano M. Surveillance of adverse events after the first trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine produced in mammalian cell culture (Flucelvax((R))) reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS), United States, 2013-2015. Vaccine. 2015 Nov 27;33(48):6684-8.
  380. Daubeney P, Taylor CJ, McGaw J, Brown EM, Ghosal S, Keeton BR, et al. Immunogenicity and tolerability of a trivalent influenza subunit vaccine (Influvac) in high-risk children aged 6 months to 4 years. Br J Clin Pract. 1997 Mar;51(2):87-90.
  381. Berry BB, Ehlert DA, Battiola RJ, Sedmak G. Influenza vaccination is safe and immunogenic when administered to hospitalized patients. Vaccine. 2001 May 14;19(25-26):3493-8.
  382. Wongsurakiat P, Maranetra KN, Gulprasutdilog P, Aksornint M, Srilum W, Ruengjam C, et al. Adverse effects associated with influenza vaccination in patients with COPD: a randomized controlled study. Respirology. 2004 Nov;9(4):550-6.
  383. Patria MF, Tenconi R, Esposito S. Efficacy and safety of influenza vaccination in children with asthma. Expert review of vaccines. 2012 Apr;11(4):461-8.
  384. Cates CJ, Rowe BH. Vaccines for preventing influenza in people with asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;2:CD000364.
  385. American Lung Association Asthma Clinical Research Centers. The safety of inactivated influenza vaccine in adults and children with asthma. N Engl J Med. 2001 Nov 22;345(21):1529-36.
  386. Nicholson KG, Nguyen-Van-Tam JS, Ahmed AH, Wiselka MJ, Leese J, Ayres J, et al. Randomised placebo-controlled crossover trial on effect of inactivated influenza vaccine on pulmonary function in asthma. Lancet. 1998 Jan 31;351(9099):326-31.
  387. Kmiecik T, Arnoux S, Kobryn A, Gorski P. Influenza vaccination in adults with asthma: safety of an inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine. The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma. 2007 Dec;44(10):817-22.
  388. Ho DD. HIV-1 viraemia and influenza. Lancet. 1992 Jun 20;339(8808):1549.
  389. Amendola A, Boschini A, Colzani D, Anselmi G, Oltolina A, Zucconi R, et al. Influenza vaccination of HIV-1-positive and HIV-1-negative former intravenous drug users. J Med Virol. 2001 Dec;65(4):644-8.
  390. Fowke KR, D'Amico R, Chernoff DN, Pottage JC, Jr., Benson CA, Sha BE, et al. Immunologic and virologic evaluation after influenza vaccination of HIV-1-infected patients. AIDS. 1997 Jul;11(8):1013-21.
  391. Fuller JD, Craven DE, Steger KA, Cox N, Heeren TC, Chernoff D. Influenza vaccination of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults: impact on plasma levels of HIV type 1 RNA and determinants of antibody response. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Mar;28(3):541-7.
  392. Glesby MJ, Hoover DR, Farzadegan H, Margolick JB, Saah AJ. The effect of influenza vaccination on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 load: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. J Infect Dis. 1996 Dec;174(6):1332-6.
  393. Sullivan PS, Hanson DL, Dworkin MS, Jones JL, Ward JW. Effect of influenza vaccination on disease progression among HIV-infected persons. AIDS. 2000 Dec 1;14(17):2781-5.
  394. Couch RB. Influenza, influenza virus vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus infection. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Mar;28(3):548-51.
  395. Gunthard HF, Wong JK, Spina CA, Ignacio C, Kwok S, Christopherson C, et al. Effect of influenza vaccination on viral replication and immune response in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus receiving potent antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2000 Feb;181(2):522-31.
  396. Danziger-Isakov L, Cherkassky L, Siegel H, McManamon M, Kramer K, Budev M, et al. Effects of influenza immunization on humoral and cellular alloreactivity in humans. Transplantation. 2010 Apr 15;89(7):838-44.
  397. Fraund S, Wagner D, Pethig K, Drescher J, Girgsdies OE, Haverich A. Influenza vaccination in heart transplant recipients. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1999 Mar;18(3):220-5.
  398. Suzuki M, Torii Y, Kawada J, Kimura H, Kamei H, Onishi Y, et al. Immunogenicity of inactivated seasonal influenza vaccine in adult and pediatric liver transplant recipients over two seasons. Microbiology and immunology. 2013 Oct;57(10):715-22.
  399. Moon JS, Souayah N. Guillain-Barre syndrome triggered by influenza vaccination in a recipient of liver transplant on FK506. Liver transplantation : official publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society. 2006 Oct;12(10):1537-9.
  400. Raman KS, Chandrasekar T, Reeve RS, Roberts ME, Kalra PA. Influenza vaccine-induced rhabdomyolysis leading to acute renal transplant dysfunction. Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association. 2006 Feb;21(2):530-1.
  401. Steinemann TL KB, Jennings CD. Corneal allograft rejection following immunization. Am J Ophthalmol 1988;106:575-8.
  402. Solomon A F-PJ. Bilateral simultaneous corneal graft rejection after influenza vaccination. . Am J Ophthalmol. 1996;121:708-9.
  403. Wertheim MS KM, Cook SD, Tole DM. Corneal transplant rejection following influenza vaccination. . Br J Ophthalmol. 2006;90(925).
  404. Hamilton A, Massera R, Maloof A. Stromal rejection in a deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty following influenza vaccination. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec;43(9):838-9.
  405. Kalra V, Chaudhry R, Dua T, Dhawan B, Sahu JK, Mridula B. Association of Campylobacter jejuni infection with childhood Guillain-Barre syndrome: a case-control study. J Child Neurol. 2009 Jun;24(6):664-8.
  406. Jacobs BC, Rothbarth PH, van der Meche FG, Herbrink P, Schmitz PI, de Klerk MA, et al. The spectrum of antecedent infections in Guillain-Barre syndrome: a case-control study. Neurology. 1998 Oct;51(4):1110-5.
  407. Sheikh KA, Nachamkin I, Ho TW, Willison HJ, Veitch J, Ung H, et al. Campylobacter jejuni lipopolysaccharides in Guillain-Barre syndrome: molecular mimicry and host susceptibility. Neurology. 1998 Aug;51(2):371-8.
  408. Ropper AH. The Guillain-Barre syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1992 Apr 23;326(17):1130-6.
  409. Sivadon-Tardy V, Orlikowski D, Porcher R, Sharshar T, Durand MC, Enouf V, et al. Guillain-Barre syndrome and influenza virus infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Jan 01;48(1):48-56.
  410. Schonberger LB, Bregman DJ, Sullivan-Bolyai JZ, Keenlyside RA, Ziegler DW, Retailliau HF, et al. Guillain-Barre syndrome following vaccination in the National Influenza Immunization Program, United States, 1976-1977. Am J Epidemiol. 1979 Aug;110(2):105-23.
  411. Haber P, DeStefano F, Angulo FJ, Iskander J, Shadomy SV, Weintraub E, et al. Guillain-Barre syndrome following influenza vaccination. JAMA. 2004 Nov 24;292(20):2478-81.
  412. Lasky T, Terracciano GJ, Magder L, Koski CL, Ballesteros M, Nash D, et al. The Guillain-Barre syndrome and the 1992-1993 and 1993-1994 influenza vaccines. N Engl J Med. 1998 Dec 17;339(25):1797-802.
  413. Hurwitz ES, Schonberger LB, Nelson DB, Holman RC. Guillain-Barre syndrome and the 1978-1979 influenza vaccine. N Engl J Med. 1981 Jun 25;304(26):1557-61.
  414. Kaplan JE, Katona P, Hurwitz ES, Schonberger LB. Guillain-Barre syndrome in the United States, 1979-1980 and 1980-1981. Lack of an association with influenza vaccination. JAMA. 1982 Aug 13;248(6):698-700.
  415. Chen R, Kent J, Rhodes P, al. e. Investigations of a possible association between influenza vaccination and Guillain-Barre syndrome in the United States, 1990-1991 [Abstract 040]. Post Marketing Surveillance. 1992;6:5-6.
  416. Juurlink DN, Stukel TA, Kwong J, Kopp A, McGeer A, Upshur RE, et al. Guillain-Barre syndrome after influenza vaccination in adults: a population-based study. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Nov 13;166(20):2217-21.
  417. Tam CC, O'Brien SJ, Petersen I, Islam A, Hayward A, Rodrigues LC. Guillain-Barre syndrome and preceding infection with campylobacter, influenza and Epstein-Barr virus in the general practice research database. PLoS One. 2007 Apr 04;2(4):e344.
  418. Hughes RA, Charlton J, Latinovic R, Gulliford MC. No association between immunization and Guillain-Barre syndrome in the United Kingdom, 1992 to 2000. Arch Intern Med. 2006 Jun 26;166(12):1301-4.
  419. Stowe J, Andrews N, Wise L, Miller E. Investigation of the temporal association of Guillain-Barre syndrome with influenza vaccine and influenzalike illness using the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database. Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Feb 01;169(3):382-8.
  420. Martin Arias LH, Sanz R, Sainz M, Treceno C, Carvajal A. Guillain-Barre syndrome and influenza vaccines: A meta-analysis. Vaccine. 2015 Jul 17;33(31):3773-8.
  421. Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades. Seguridad de las vacunas monovalentes contra la influenza A (H1N1) 2009 -- EE.UU., del 1 de octubre al 24 de noviembre del 2009.  Informe Semanal de Morbilidad y Mortalidad (MMWR), 11 de diciembre del 2009;58(48):1351-6.
  422. Tokars JI, Lewis P, DeStefano F, Wise M, Viray M, Morgan O, et al. The risk of Guillain-Barre syndrome associated with influenza A (H1N1) 2009 monovalent vaccine and 2009-2010 seasonal influenza vaccines: results from self-controlled analyses. Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety. 2012 May;21(5):546-52.
  423. Wise ME, Viray M, Sejvar JJ, Lewis P, Baughman AL, Connor W, et al. Guillain-Barre syndrome during the 2009-2010 H1N1 influenza vaccination campaign: population-based surveillance among 45 million Americans. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Jun 01;175(11):1110-9.
  424. Greene SK, Rett M, Weintraub ES, Li L, Yin R, Amato AA, et al. Risk of confirmed Guillain-Barre syndrome following receipt of monovalent inactivated influenza A (H1N1) and seasonal influenza vaccines in the Vaccine Safety Datalink Project, 2009-2010. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Jun 01;175(11):1100-9.
  425. Yih WK, Lee GM, Lieu TA, Ball R, Kulldorff M, Rett M, et al. Surveillance for adverse events following receipt of pandemic 2009 H1N1 vaccine in the Post-Licensure Rapid Immunization Safety Monitoring (PRISM) System, 2009-2010. Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Jun 01;175(11):1120-8.
  426. Burwen DR, Sandhu SK, MaCurdy TE, Kelman JA, Gibbs JM, Garcia B, et al. Surveillance for Guillain-Barre syndrome after influenza vaccination among the Medicare population, 2009-2010. Am J Public Health. 2012 Oct;102(10):1921-7.
  427. Salmon DA, Proschan M, Forshee R, Gargiullo P, Bleser W, Burwen DR, et al. Association between Guillain-Barre syndrome and influenza A (H1N1) 2009 monovalent inactivated vaccines in the USA: a meta-analysis. Lancet. 2013 Apr 27;381(9876):1461-8.
  428. Vellozzi C, Iqbal S, Broder K. Guillain-Barre syndrome, influenza, and influenza vaccination: the epidemiologic evidence. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Apr;58(8):1149-55.
  429. Pritchard J, Mukherjee R, Hughes RA. Risk of relapse of Guillain-Barre syndrome or chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy following immunisation. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2002 Sep;73(3):348-9.
  430. Baxter R, Lewis N, Bakshi N, Vellozzi C, Klein NP, Network C. Recurrent Guillain-Barre syndrome following vaccination. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Mar;54(6):800-4.
  431. National Advisory Committee on I. An Advisory Committee Statement (ACS). National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI). Supplementary Statement for the 2001-2002 season: influenza vaccination of persons who experienced oculo-respiratory syndrome following previous influenza vaccination. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2001 Nov 15;27:1-7.
  432. National Advisory Committee on I. An Advisory Committee Statement (ACS). National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI). Supplementary statement on influenza vaccination: continued use of Fluviral influenza vaccine in the 2000-2001 season. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2001 Jan 15;27:1-3.
  433. Boulianne N, De Serres G, Duval B, Shadmani R, Rochette L. Clinical manifestations and incidence of oculo-respiratory syndrome following influenza vaccination-Quebec, 2000. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2001 May 15;27(10):85-90.
  434. De Serres G, Toth E, Menard S, Grenier JL, Roussel R, Tremblay M, et al. Oculo-respiratory syndrome after influenza vaccination: trends over four influenza seasons. Vaccine. 2005 May 25;23(28):3726-32.
  435. Skowronski DM, De Serres G, Hebert J, Stark D, Warrington R, Macnabb J, et al. Skin testing to evaluate oculo-respiratory syndrome (ORS) associated with influenza vaccination during the 2000-2001 season. Vaccine. 2002 Jun 21;20(21-22):2713-9.
  436. De Serres G, Skowronski DM, Guay M, Rochette L, Jacobsen K, Fuller T, et al. Recurrence risk of oculorespiratory syndrome after influenza vaccination: randomized controlled trial of previously affected persons. Arch Intern Med. 2004 Nov 08;164(20):2266-72.
  437. Skowronski DM, Strauss B, Kendall P, Duval B, De Serres G. Low risk of recurrence of oculorespiratory syndrome following influenza revaccination. CMAJ. 2002 Oct 15;167(8):853-8.
  438. Centros para el Control y la Prevención de Enfermedades. Resumen de la declaración conjunta sobre el timerosal en las vacunas. American Academy of Family Physicians, American Academy of Pediatrics, Comité Asesor sobre Prácticas de Vacunación, Servicios de Salud Pública. Informe Semanal de Morbilidad y Mortalidad (MMWR), 14 de julio del 2000;49(27):622-31.
  439. Stratton K, Gable, A., McCormick, M.C. Report of the Institute of Medicine. Immunization safety review: thimerosal containing vaccines and neurodevelopmental disorders. In: Stratton K, McCormick, M.C., editor. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 2001.
  440. Pichichero ME, Cernichiari E, Lopreiato J, Treanor J. Mercury concentrations and metabolism in infants receiving vaccines containing thiomersal: a descriptive study. Lancet. 2002 Nov 30;360(9347):1737-41.
  441. Verstraeten T, Davis RL, DeStefano F, Lieu TA, Rhodes PH, Black SB, et al. Safety of thimerosal-containing vaccines: a two-phased study of computerized health maintenance organization databases. Pediatrics. 2003 Nov;112(5):1039-48.
  442. McCormick M, Bayer, R., Berg A,, et al. Report of the Institute of Medicine. Immunization safety review: vaccines and autism. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine; 2004.
  443. Pichichero ME, Gentile A, Giglio N, Umido V, Clarkson T, Cernichiari E, et al. Mercury levels in newborns and infants after receipt of thimerosal-containing vaccines. Pediatrics. 2008 Feb;121(2):e208-14.
  444. Schechter R, Grether JK. Continuing increases in autism reported to California's developmental services system: mercury in retrograde. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2008 Jan;65(1):19-24.
  445. Croen LA, Matevia M, Yoshida CK, Grether JK. Maternal Rh D status, anti-D immune globulin exposure during pregnancy, and risk of autism spectrum disorders. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Sep;199(3):234 e1-6.
  446. Tozzi AE, Bisiacchi P, Tarantino V, De Mei B, D'Elia L, Chiarotti F, et al. Neuropsychological performance 10 years after immunization in infancy with thimerosal-containing vaccines. Pediatrics. 2009 Feb;123(2):475-82.
  447. Price CS, Thompson WW, Goodson B, Weintraub ES, Croen LA, Hinrichsen VL, et al. Prenatal and infant exposure to thimerosal from vaccines and immunoglobulins and risk of autism. Pediatrics. 2010 Oct;126(4):656-64.
  448. Pichichero ME, Gentile A, Giglio N, Alonso MM, Fernandez Mentaberri MV, Zareba G, et al. Mercury levels in premature and low birth weight newborn infants after receipt of thimerosal-containing vaccines. J Pediatr. 2009 Oct;155(4):495-9.
  449. Thompson WW, Price C, Goodson B, Shay DK, Benson P, Hinrichsen VL, et al. Early thimerosal exposure and neuropsychological outcomes at 7 to 10 years. N Engl J Med. 2007 Sep 27;357(13):1281-92.
  450. Barile JP, Kuperminc GP, Weintraub ES, Mink JW, Thompson WW. Thimerosal exposure in early life and neuropsychological outcomes 7-10 years later. J Pediatr Psychol. 2012 Jan-Feb;37(1):106-18.
  451. Izikson R, Leffell DJ, Bock SA, Patriarca PA, Post P, Dunkle LM, et al. Randomized comparison of the safety of Flublok((R)) versus licensed inactivated influenza vaccine in healthy, medically stable adults >/= 50 years of age. Vaccine. 2015 Nov 27;33(48):6622-8.
  452. Clinical Review, January 16, 2013-Flublok. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration; 2013.
  453. Woo EJ. Allergic reactions after egg-free recombinant influenza vaccine: reports to the US Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Mar 01;60(5):777-80.
  454. Ruggeberg JU, Gold MS, Bayas JM, Blum MD, Bonhoeffer J, Friedlander S, et al. Anaphylaxis: case definition and guidelines for data collection, analysis, and presentation of immunization safety data. Vaccine. 2007 Aug 01;25(31):5675-84.
  455. Block SL, Yogev R, Hayden FG, Ambrose CS, Zeng W, Walker RE. Shedding and immunogenicity of live attenuated influenza vaccine virus in subjects 5-49 years of age. Vaccine. 2008 Sep 08;26(38):4940-6.
  456. Talbot TR, Crocker DD, Peters J, Doersam JK, Ikizler MR, Sannella E, et al. Duration of virus shedding after trivalent intranasal live attenuated influenza vaccination in adults. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2005 May;26(5):494-500.
  457. Ali T, Scott N, Kallas W, Halliwell ME, Savino C, Rosenberg E, et al. Detection of influenza antigen with rapid antibody-based tests after intranasal influenza vaccination (FluMist). Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Mar 01;38(5):760-2.
  458. Mallory RM, Yi T, Ambrose CS. Shedding of Ann Arbor strain live attenuated influenza vaccine virus in children 6-59 months of age. Vaccine. 2011 Jun 10;29(26):4322-7.
  459. King JC, Jr., Treanor J, Fast PE, Wolff M, Yan L, Iacuzio D, et al. Comparison of the safety, vaccine virus shedding, and immunogenicity of influenza virus vaccine, trivalent, types A and B, live cold-adapted, administered to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and non-HIV-infected adults. J Infect Dis. 2000 Feb;181(2):725-8.
  460. King JC, Jr., Fast PE, Zangwill KM, Weinberg GA, Wolff M, Yan L, et al. Safety, vaccine virus shedding and immunogenicity of trivalent, cold-adapted, live attenuated influenza vaccine administered to human immunodeficiency virus-infected and noninfected children. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2001 Dec;20(12):1124-31.
  461. Vesikari T, Karvonen A, Korhonen T, Edelman K, Vainionpaa R, Salmi A, et al. A randomized, double-blind study of the safety, transmissibility and phenotypic and genotypic stability of cold-adapted influenza virus vaccine. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2006 Jul;25(7):590-5.
  462. Cha TA, Kao K, Zhao J, Fast PE, Mendelman PM, Arvin A. Genotypic stability of cold-adapted influenza virus vaccine in an efficacy clinical trial. J Clin Microbiol. 2000 Feb;38(2):839-45.
  463. Zhou B, Meliopoulos VA, Wang W, Lin X, Stucker KM, Halpin RA, et al. Reversion of Cold-Adapted Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine into a Pathogenic Virus. J Virol. 2016 Oct 01;90(19):8454-63.
  464. Belshe RB, Nichol KL, Black SB, Shinefield H, Cordova J, Walker R, et al. Safety, efficacy, and effectiveness of live, attenuated, cold-adapted influenza vaccine in an indicated population aged 5-49 years. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Oct 01;39(7):920-7.
  465. Bergen R, Black S, Shinefield H, Lewis E, Ray P, Hansen J, et al. Safety of cold-adapted live attenuated influenza vaccine in a large cohort of children and adolescents. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2004 Feb;23(2):138-44.
  466. King JC, Jr., Lagos R, Bernstein DI, Piedra PA, Kotloff K, Bryant M, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of low and high doses of trivalent live cold-adapted influenza vaccine administered intranasally as drops or spray to healthy children. J Infect Dis. 1998 May;177(5):1394-7.
  467. Redding G, Walker RE, Hessel C, Virant FS, Ayars GH, Bensch G, et al. Safety and tolerability of cold-adapted influenza virus vaccine in children and adolescents with asthma. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2002 Jan;21(1):44-8.
  468. Piedra PA, Yan L, Kotloff K, Zangwill K, Bernstein DI, King J, et al. Safety of the trivalent, cold-adapted influenza vaccine in preschool-aged children. Pediatrics. 2002 Oct;110(4):662-72.
  469. Belshe RB, Ambrose CS, Yi T. Safety and efficacy of live attenuated influenza vaccine in children 2-7 years of age. Vaccine. 2008 Sep 12;26 Suppl 4:D10-6.
  470. Piedra PA, Gaglani MJ, Riggs M, Herschler G, Fewlass C, Watts M, et al. Live attenuated influenza vaccine, trivalent, is safe in healthy children 18 months to 4 years, 5 to 9 years, and 10 to 18 years of age in a community-based, nonrandomized, open-label trial. Pediatrics. 2005 Sep;116(3):e397-407.
  471. Gaglani MJ, Piedra PA, Riggs M, Herschler G, Fewlass C, Glezen WP. Safety of the intranasal, trivalent, live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in children with intermittent wheezing in an open-label field trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2008 May;27(5):444-52.
  472. Izurieta HS, Haber P, Wise RP, Iskander J, Pratt D, Mink C, et al. Adverse events reported following live, cold-adapted, intranasal influenza vaccine. JAMA. 2005 Dec 07;294(21):2720-5.
  473. Haber P, Moro PL, Cano M, Vellozzi C, Lewis P, Woo EJ, et al. Post-Licensure Surveillance of Trivalent Live-Attenuated Influenza Vaccine in Children Aged 2-18 Years, Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System, United States, July 2005-June 2012. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2015 Sep;4(3):205-13.
  474. Baxter R, Eaton A, Hansen J, Aukes L, Caspard H, Ambrose CS. Safety of quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine in subjects aged 2-49years. Vaccine. 2017 Mar 01;35(9):1254-8.
  475. Jackson LA, Holmes SJ, Mendelman PM, Huggins L, Cho I, Rhorer J. Safety of a trivalent live attenuated intranasal influenza vaccine, FluMist, administered in addition to parenteral trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine to seniors with chronic medical conditions. Vaccine. 1999 Apr 09;17(15-16):1905-9.
  476. Curtis D, Ning MF, Armon C, Li S, Weinberg A. Safety, immunogenicity and shedding of LAIV4 in HIV-infected and uninfected children. Vaccine. 2015 Sep 11;33(38):4790-7.
  477. Ambrose CS, Dubovsky F, Yi T, Belshe RB, Ashkenazi S. The safety and efficacy of live attenuated influenza vaccine in young children with asthma or prior wheezing. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 Oct;31(10):2549-57.
  478. Ray GT, Lewis N, Goddard K, Ross P, Duffy J, DeStefano F, et al. Asthma exacerbations among asthmatic children receiving live attenuated versus inactivated influenza vaccines. Vaccine. 2017 May 09;35(20):2668-75.
  479. Duffy J, Lewis M, Harrington T, Baxter R, Belongia EA, Jackson LA, et al. Live attenuated influenza vaccine use and safety in children and adults with asthma. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2017 Apr;118(4):439-44.
  480. Sheffield JS, Greer LG, Rogers VL, Roberts SW, Lytle H, McIntire DD, et al. Effect of influenza vaccination in the first trimester of pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Sep;120(3):532-7.
  481. McMillan M, Porritt K, Kralik D, Costi L, Marshall H. Influenza vaccination during pregnancy: a systematic review of fetal death, spontaneous abortion, and congenital malformation safety outcomes. Vaccine. 2015 Apr 27;33(18):2108-17.
  482. Munoz FM, Greisinger AJ, Wehmanen OA, Mouzoon ME, Hoyle JC, Smith FA, et al. Safety of influenza vaccination during pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Apr;192(4):1098-106.
  483. Moro PL, Broder K, Zheteyeva Y, Walton K, Rohan P, Sutherland A, et al. Adverse events in pregnant women following administration of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine and live attenuated influenza vaccine in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System, 1990-2009. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Feb;204(2):146 e1-7.
  484. Moro P, Baumblatt J, Lewis P, Cragan J, Tepper N, Cano M. Surveillance of Adverse Events After Seasonal Influenza Vaccination in Pregnant Women and Their Infants in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System, July 2010-May 2016. Drug Saf. 2017 Feb;40(2):145-52.
  485. Black S, Eskola J, Siegrist CA, Halsey N, Macdonald N, Law B, et al. Importance of background rates of disease in assessment of vaccine safety during mass immunisation with pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccines. Lancet. 2009 Dec 19;374(9707):2115-22.
  486. Chambers CD, Johnson DL, Xu R, Luo YJ, Louik C, Mitchell AA, et al. Safety of the 2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13, and 2013-14 seasonal influenza vaccines in pregnancy: Birth defects, spontaneous abortion, preterm delivery, and small for gestational age infants, a study from the cohort arm of VAMPSS. Vaccine. 2016 Aug 17;34(37):4443-9.
  487. Irving SA, Kieke BA, Donahue JG, Mascola MA, Baggs J, DeStefano F, et al. Trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine and spontaneous abortion. Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Jan;121(1):159-65.
  488. Informe del resumen del Comité Asesor sobre Prácticas de Vacunación: 24-25 de junio del 2015 (Actas de la reunión). Atlanta, GA: Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los EE. UU.,​​​​ CDC; 2015.
  489. Bratton KN, Wardle MT, Orenstein WA, Omer SB. Maternal influenza immunization and birth outcomes of stillbirth and spontaneous abortion: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Mar 01;60(5):e11-9.
  490. Mak TK, Mangtani P, Leese J, Watson JM, Pfeifer D. Influenza vaccination in pregnancy: current evidence and selected national policies. Lancet Infect Dis. 2008 Jan;8(1):44-52.
  491. Moro PL, Tepper NK, Grohskopf LA, Vellozzi C, Broder K. Safety of seasonal influenza and influenza A (H1N1) 2009 monovalent vaccines in pregnancy. Expert review of vaccines. 2012 Aug;11(8):911-21.
  492. Munoz FM. Safety of influenza vaccines in pregnant women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Sep;207(3 Suppl):S33-7.
  493. Polyzos KA, Konstantelias AA, Pitsa CE, Falagas ME. Maternal Influenza Vaccination and Risk for Congenital Malformations: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Nov;126(5):1075-84.
  494. Louik C, Kerr S, Van Bennekom CM, Chambers C, Jones KL, Schatz M, et al. Safety of the 2011-12, 2012-13, and 2013-14 seasonal influenza vaccines in pregnancy: Preterm delivery and specific malformations, a study from the case-control arm of VAMPSS. Vaccine. 2016 Aug 17;34(37):4450-9.
  495. Omer SB, Goodman D, Steinhoff MC, Rochat R, Klugman KP, Stoll BJ, et al. Maternal influenza immunization and reduced likelihood of prematurity and small for gestational age births: a retrospective cohort study. PLoS Med. 2011 May;8(5):e1000441.
  496. Richards JL, Hansen C, Bredfeldt C, Bednarczyk RA, Steinhoff MC, Adjaye-Gbewonyo D, et al. Neonatal outcomes after antenatal influenza immunization during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic: impact on preterm birth, birth weight, and small for gestational age birth. Clin Infect Dis. 2013 May;56(9):1216-22.
  497. Nordin JD, Kharbanda EO, Vazquez Benitez G, Lipkind H, Vellozzi C, Destefano F, et al. Maternal influenza vaccine and risks for preterm or small for gestational age birth. J Pediatr. 2014 May;164(5):1051-7 e2.
  498. Dodds L, Macdonald N, Scott J, Spencer A, Allen VM, McNeil S. The association between influenza vaccine in pregnancy and adverse neonatal outcomes. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2012 Aug;34(8):714-20.
  499. Fell DB, Sprague AE, Liu N, Yasseen AS, 3rd, Wen SW, Smith G, et al. H1N1 influenza vaccination during pregnancy and fetal and neonatal outcomes. Am J Public Health. 2012 Jun;102(6):e33-40.
  500. Zerbo O, Modaressi S, Chan B, Goddard K, Lewis N, Bok K, et al. No association between influenza vaccination during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes. Vaccine. 2017 May 31;35(24):3186-90.
  501. Fell DB, Platt RW, Lanes A, Wilson K, Kaufman JS, Basso O, et al. Fetal death and preterm birth associated with maternal influenza vaccination: systematic review. BJOG. 2015 Jan;122(1):17-26.
  502. Vazquez-Benitez G, Kharbanda EO, Naleway AL, Lipkind H, Sukumaran L, McCarthy NL, et al. Risk of Preterm or Small-for-Gestational-Age Birth After Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy: Caveats When Conducting Retrospective Observational Studies. Am J Epidemiol. 2016 Aug 01;184(3):176-86.
  503. Zerbo O, Qian Y, Yoshida C, Fireman BH, Klein NP, Croen LA. Association Between Influenza Infection and Vaccination During Pregnancy and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder. JAMA Pediatr. 2017 Jan 02;171(1):e163609.
  504. Toback SL, Beigi R, Tennis P, Sifakis F, Calingaert B, Ambrose CS. Maternal outcomes among pregnant women receiving live attenuated influenza vaccine. Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2012 Jan;6(1):44-51.
  505. Wood RA, Berger M, Dreskin SC, Setse R, Engler RJ, Dekker CL, et al. An algorithm for treatment of patients with hypersensitivity reactions after vaccines. Pediatrics. 2008 Sep;122(3):e771-7.
  506. Kroger A.T. DJ, Vázquez M. Best Practices Guidance of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/acip-recs/general-recs/downloads/general-recs.pdf. Atlanta: Centers for DIsease Control and Prevention; 2017 [cited 2017 27 April]; Available from: www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/acip-recs/general-recs/downloads/general-recs.pdf.
  507. McNeil MM, Weintraub ES, Duffy J, Sukumaran L, Jacobsen SJ, Klein NP, et al. Risk of anaphylaxis after vaccination in children and adults. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 Mar;137(3):868-78.
  508. Informe del resumen del Comité Asesor sobre Prácticas de Vacunación: 20-21 de junio del 2012 (Actas de la reunión). Atlanta, GA: Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los EE. UU.,​​​​ CDC; 2012.
  509. Informe del resumen del Comité Asesor sobre Prácticas de Vacunación: 19-20 de junio del 2013 (Actas de la reunión). Atlanta, GA: Departamento de Salud y Servicios Humanos de los EE. UU.,​​​​ CDC; 2013.
  510. Bohlke K, Davis RL, Marcy SM, Braun MM, DeStefano F, Black SB, et al. Risk of anaphylaxis after vaccination of children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2003 Oct;112(4):815-20.
  511. Oberle D, Pavel J, Rieck T, Weichert S, Schroten H, Keller-Stanislawski B, et al. Anaphylaxis After Immunization of Children and Adolescents in Germany. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2016 May;35(5):535-41.
  512. Rouleau I, De Serres G, Drolet JP, Skowronski DM, Ouakki M, Toth E, et al. Increased risk of anaphylaxis following administration of 2009 AS03-adjuvanted monovalent pandemic A/H1N1 (H1N1pdm09) vaccine. Vaccine. 2013 Dec 05;31(50):5989-96.
  513. Des Roches A, Paradis L, Gagnon R, Lemire C, Begin P, Carr S, et al. Egg-allergic patients can be safely vaccinated against influenza. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Nov;130(5):1213-6 e1.
  514. Des Roches A, Samaan K, Graham F, Lacombe-Barrios J, Paradis J, Paradis L, et al. Safe vaccination of patients with egg allergy by using live attenuated influenza vaccine. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2015 Jan-Feb;3(1):138-9.
  515. Turner PJ, Southern J, Andrews NJ, Miller E, Erlewyn-Lajeunesse M, Investigators SS. Safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine in atopic children with egg allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Aug;136(2):376-81.
  516. Turner PJ, Southern J, Andrews NJ, Miller E, Erlewyn-Lajeunesse M, Investigators S-S. Safety of live attenuated influenza vaccine in young people with egg allergy: multicentre prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2015 Dec 08;351:h6291.
  517. Turner PJ, Erlewyn-Lajeunesse M. Intranasal live-attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is unlikely to cause egg-mediated allergic reactions in egg-allergic children. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2015 Mar-Apr;3(2):312-3.

Descargo de responsabilidad: Es posible que en este sitio encuentre algunos enlaces que le lleven a contenido disponible sólo en inglés. Además, el contenido que se ha traducido del inglés se actualiza a menudo, lo cual puede causar la aparición temporal de algunas partes en ese idioma hasta que se termine de traducir (generalmente en 24 horas). Llame al 1-800-CDC-INFO si tiene preguntas sobre la influenza estacional, cuyas respuestas no ha encontrado en este sitio. Agradecemos su paciencia.

ARRIBA